Taxon: Nasturtium officinale W. T. Aiton

 
Genus: Nasturtium
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Cardamineae
Nomen number: 25072
Place of publication: Hortus kew. ed. 2, 4:110. 1812
Link to protologue:
Comment: R. Brown is considered to have authored the Brassicaceae in Aiton's Hortus kew. ed. 2 (see TL-2 Suppl. III: 141), but with no indication of this in the work itself Aiton is author of new names therein (Melbourne ICN Art. 46, Note 3, but see Ex. 23)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum)
  • Weed: (fide Weeds SAfr 2001, as Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Niger
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • CHINA: China (n. & w.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Uncertain

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. & R. A. Price 1998. Delimitation of the genus Nasturtium (Brassicaceae) (Novon) 8:124-126.
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  6. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
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Check other web resources for Nasturtium officinale W. T. Aiton :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25072. Accessed 25 April 2018.