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Taxon: Nymphaea caerulea Savigny

Genus: Nymphaea
Subgenus: Brachyceras
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 25433
Place of publication: Décade Egypt. 1:71(-74). 1798 (Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 1:366, t.25. 1802)
Link to protologue:
  • • non Nymphaea caerulea auct. W. Afr. (= N. guineensis Schumach.)
  • • relationship to Asian N. nouchali needs further study
Name Verified on: 13-Dec-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • blue Egyptian lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • blue lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Egyptian lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bashneen azraq  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • blaue ägyptische Seerose  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • blauer ägyptischer Lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • egyptisk blålotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia (n.), Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]

    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel (extinct)

    Cultivated (also cult.)


    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [São Paulo]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Misiones]


  1. Agami, M. 1980. The mysterious disappearance of the blue water lily. Israel Land Nat. 5:154-156. Note: extinct in Israel
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  4. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  7. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  10. Fossen, T. & Ø. M. Andersen. 1999. Delphinidin 3-galloylgalactosides from blue flowers of Nymphaea caerulea. Phytochemistry 50:1185-1188.
  11. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Mauve, A. A. 1967. Water-lilies in South Africa. Fauna & Fl. (Pretoria) 18:31-35.
  15. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia. Note: = Nymphaea nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
  19. Tur, N. M. 2003. Nymphaea elegans (Nymphaeaceae) nueva cita para la flora argentina. Hickenia 3(38-47):167-170. Note: a misidentified Nymphaea caerulea Savigny
  20. Tur, N. M. 2006. Sobre la presencia de Nymphaea caerulea (Nymphaeaceae) en la Argentina. Hickenia 3(67):278.
  21. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: = Nymphaea nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.
  22. Wanderley, M. G. L., ed. 2001-. Flora fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo
  23. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  24. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Nymphaea caerulea Savigny :

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25433. Accessed 11 July 2020.