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Taxon: Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 25840
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Opuntia no. 2. 1768
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51493855
Comment: an implicit reference to a Linnaean basionym may be assumed fide Shenzhen ICN Art 41.3, Ex. 5
Name Verified on: 28-Aug-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-May-2019
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 196 (123 active, 99 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Succ Pl Res 6:130; Cact Fam)
  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Environmental:
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: fruit (fide Agrociencia 39:395-396. 2005); fruit (fide Cact Fam;); vegetable (as vegetable fide Fla Entomol 84:494. 2001)
  • Invertebrate food: dye-containing insects (cochineals used as a source of carmine dye fide ; Cact Fam)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)


    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China (s.)

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • Mexico

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Netherlands Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago, [Trinidad] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Nicaragua
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay

    Other (probable origin Mexico)


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Check other web resources for Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25840. Accessed 26 June 2019.