Taxon: Opuntia monacantha Haw.

 
Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
  Subfamily: Opuntioideae
      Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 25858
Place of publication: Suppl. pl. succ. 81. 1819
Comment: not based on Cactus monacanthos Willd.
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Jan-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Weed: (fide F Aust, as O. vulgaris; Econ Pl Aust, as O. vulgaris; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Bahia, - Espirito Santo, - Minas Gerais, - Parana, - Rio de Janeiro, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo, - Sergipe
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam) 508.
  • Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. 1965 (L Parana)
  • Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. 1977 (HF Dehra Dun)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can) 923.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hunt, D. CITES Cactaceae checklist. 1992 (CITES Cact L)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Leuenberger, B. E. 1993. Interpretation and typification of Cactus opuntia L., Opuntia vulgaris Mill., and O. humifusa (Rafin.) Rafin. (Cactaceae) (Taxon) 42:427.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Taylor, N. & D. Zappi Cacti of eastern Brazil. 2004 (Cact EBrazil)
  • Taylor, N. P. et al. 2002. Realignment and revision of the Opuntioideae of Eastern Brazil Succ. Pl. Res. 6:128.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Opuntia monacantha Haw. :