Taxon: Oryza glaberrima Steud.

Genus: Oryza
Section: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Oryzoideae
Tribe: Oryzeae
Subtribe: Oryzinae
Nomen number: 26062
Place of publication: Syn. pl. glumac. 1:3. 1853
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 30-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Oct-2011
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 192 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: cereal (fide IRRI Pap. 138:9. 1989)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of African rice (based on gene flow among ecogeographic variants fide Afr J Biotech 9:7415. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice (based on genome (A-carrier) constitution fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:1404. 1999)

Distributional Range:


    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

    Cultivated (cult. in tropics)


  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  5. Ge, S. et al. 1999. Phylogeny of rice genomes with emphasis on origins of allotetraploid species Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:14400-14405.
  6. Heuer, S. & K. M. Miézan 2003. Assessing hybrid sterilility in Oryza glaberrima × O. sativa hybrid progenies by PCR marker analysis and crossing with wide compatibility varieties Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:902-909.
  7. Hilu, K. W. & L. V. Sharova 2002. Evolutionary implications of substitution patterns in prolamin genes of Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and related species Amer. J. Bot. 89:211-219.
  8. Jones, M. P. et al. 1997. Diversity and potential of Oryza glaberrima Steud in upland rice breeding Breed. Sci. 47:395-398.
  9. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  11. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  12. Sarla, N. et al. 2005. Oryza glaberrima: a source for the improvement of Oryza sativa Curr. Sci. 89:955-963.
  13. Sharma, S. D. Species of genus Oryza and their interrelationships (Monog Oryza) 81, 96, 100.
  14. Sweeney, M. & S. McCouch 2007. The complex history of the domestication of rice Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:951-957.
  15. Tateoka, T. 1963. Taxonomic studies of Oryza. III. Key to the species and their enumeration Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 76:170.
  16. Vaughan, D. A. Revised key to species in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 349.
  17. Vaughan, D. A. et al. 2003. Diversity in the Oryza genus Curr. Opin. Pl. Biol. 6:139-145.
  18. Vaughan. D. A. 1989. The genus Oryza L. Current status of taxonomy Int. Rice Res. Inst. Techn. Pap. 138:10, 15.
  19. Win, K. T. et al. 2017. A single base change explains the independent origin of and selection for the nonshattering gene in African rice domestication New Phytol. 213:1925-1935.
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Oryza glaberrima Steud. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 26 May 2018.