Taxon: Oryza glaberrima Steud.

Genus: Oryza
Section: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Oryzoideae
Tribe: Oryzeae
Subtribe: Oryzinae
Nomen number: 26062
Place of publication: Syn. pl. glumac. 1:3. 1853
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 30-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Oct-2011
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 192 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: cereal (fide IRRI Pap. 138:9. 1989)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of African rice (based on gene flow among ecogeographic variants fide Afr J Biotech 9:7415. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice (based on genome (A-carrier) constitution fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:1404. 1999)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cote D'Ivoire ; Gambia ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Liberia ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi ; Cameroon ; Central African Republic ; Congo ; Equatorial Guinea ; Gabon ; Rwanda ; Sao Tome and Principe ; Zaire

  • Cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Ge, S. et al. 1999. Phylogeny of rice genomes with emphasis on origins of allotetraploid species Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96:14400-14405.
  • Heuer, S. & K. M. Miézan 2003. Assessing hybrid sterilility in Oryza glaberrima × O. sativa hybrid progenies by PCR marker analysis and crossing with wide compatibility varieties Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:902-909.
  • Hilu, K. W. & L. V. Sharova 2002. Evolutionary implications of substitution patterns in prolamin genes of Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and related species Amer. J. Bot. 89:211-219.
  • Jones, M. P. et al. 1997. Diversity and potential of Oryza glaberrima Steud in upland rice breeding Breed. Sci. 47:395-398.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sarla, N. et al. 2005. Oryza glaberrima: a source for the improvement of Oryza sativa Curr. Sci. 89:955-963.
  • Sharma, S. D. Species of genus Oryza and their interrelationships (Monog Oryza) 81, 96, 100.
  • Sweeney, M. & S. McCouch 2007. The complex history of the domestication of rice Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:951-957.
  • Tateoka, T. 1963. Taxonomic studies of Oryza. III. Key to the species and their enumeration Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 76:170.
  • Vaughan, D. A. Revised key to species in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 349.
  • Vaughan, D. A. et al. 2003. Diversity in the Oryza genus Curr. Opin. Pl. Biol. 6:139-145.
  • Vaughan. D. A. 1989. The genus Oryza L. Current status of taxonomy Int. Rice Res. Inst. Techn. Pap. 138:10, 15.
  • Win, K. T. et al. 2017. A single base change explains the independent origin of and selection for the nonshattering gene in African rice domestication New Phytol. 213:1925-1935.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Oryza glaberrima Steud. :