Taxon: Oryza rufipogon Griff.

Genus: Oryza
Section: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Oryzoideae
Tribe: Oryzeae
Subtribe: Oryzinae
Nomen number: 26076
Place of publication: Not. pl. asiat. 3:5; Icon. pl. asiat. 3: t. 144, fig. 2. 1851
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2014
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: crop quality for rice (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for rice (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: high yield for rice (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: metal tolerance for rice (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of African rice (based on affinities to a clade of African Oryza barthii - O. glaberrima fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 70:355. 2014)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice (based on genome (AA carrier) constitution & crossability with rice fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:14404. 1999; Curr Opinion Biol 6:140. 2003)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of rice (probable progenitor of Asian cultivated rice based on its AA-genome constitution fide Breed Sci 60:519. 2010)
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for rice (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:106. 1996)
  • Weed: (forms weedy hybrids with cultivated rice fide IRRI Pap. 138:11. 1989; Weeds of rice in Indonesia)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Guangdong, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines [Mindanao]

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory, Queensland]


  1. Banaticla-Hilario, M. C. N. et al. 2013. Crossability patterns within and among Oryza series Sativae species from Asia and Australia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1899-1914.
  2. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  3. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  4. Duistermaat, H. 1987. A revision of Oryza (Gramineae) in Malesia and Australia (Blumea) 32:170.
  5. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:106.
  7. Hilu, K. W. & L. V. Sharova 2002. Evolutionary implications of substitution patterns in prolamin genes of Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and related species Amer. J. Bot. 89:211-219.
  8. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  9. Moncada, P. et al. 2001. Quantitative trait loci for yield and yield components in an Oryza sativa × Oryza rufipogon BC2F2 population evaluated in an upland environment Theor. Appl. Genet. 102:41-52.
  10. Morishima, H. 1984. Wild plants and domestication (Biol Rice) 6.
  11. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  13. Prathepha, P. 2008. Genetic variation of wild rice populations from Thailand and the Lao PDR based on molecular markers Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 11:26-33.
  14. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  15. Sharma, S. D. Nomenclatural confusions in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 355.
  16. Sharma, S. D. Species of genus Oryza and their interrelationships (Monog Oryza) 78, 100.
  17. Soerjani, M. et al., eds. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. (Weeds Rice Indonesia)
  18. Tateoka, T. 1963. Taxonomic studies of Oryza. III. Key to the species and their enumeration Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 76:169.
  19. Vandiver, V. V. et al. 1992. Discovery of Oryza rufipogon (Poaceae: Oryzeae), new to the United States, with its implications (Sida) 15:105-110.
  20. Vaughan, D. A. 1989. The genus Oryza L. Current status of taxonomy Int. Rice Res. Inst. Techn. Pap. 138:10, 17.
  21. Vaughan, D. A. Revised key to species in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 348.
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  23. Zhang, X. et al. 2006. Identification of a drought tolerant introgression line derived from Dongxiang common wild rice (O. rufipogon Griff.) Pl. Molec. Biol. 62:247-259.
  24. Zhu, Q. & S. Ge 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among A-genome species of the genus Oryza revealed by intron sequences of four nuclear genes New Phytol. 167:249-265.

Check other web resources for Oryza rufipogon Griff. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 21 June 2018.