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Taxon: Fragaria vesca L.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 264
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 03-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (18 active, 13 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • alpine strawberry  (Source: Scient Hort) - English
  • European strawberry  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • wild strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • woodland strawberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fraisier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier des bois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Walderdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • besuka-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-no-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • morangueiro-bravo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fresal común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smultron  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ye cao mei  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (Cornucopia) fruit
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Prince Edward Island]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Fragaria_vesca/ target='_blank'
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Allred, Kelly W. 2008. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography.
  6. Arias, M. E. et al. 2004. Breeding barriers between the cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa, and related wild germplasm. Euphytica 136:139-150. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  7. Caruso, G. et al. 2011. Effects of cultural cycles and nutrient solutions on plant growth, yield and fruit quality of alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) grown in hydroponics. Sci. Hort. 129:479-485.
  8. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. Evans, W. D. 1982. The production of multispecific octoploids from Fragaria species and the cultivated strawberry. Euphytica Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fragaria+vesca&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  17. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  18. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  19. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:800. Note: = Potentilla vesca (L.) Scop.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  33. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  34. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  35. Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics. Acta Hort. 482:71-83.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=264. Accessed 24 August 2019.