Taxon: Fragaria vesca L.

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 264
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 03-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • alpine strawberry  (Source: Scient Hort) - English
  • European strawberry  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • wild strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • woodland strawberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fraisier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier des bois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Walderdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • besuka-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-no-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • morangueiro-bravo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fresal común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smultron  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ye cao mei  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Dict Gard; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry (fide Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as diploid, self compatible)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Gansu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Iceland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores; Spain Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa Eastern Cape, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada Prince Edward Island
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba ; Dominican Republic ; Haiti ; Jamaica
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru


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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
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Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image