Taxon: Fragaria vesca L.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 264
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 03-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • alpine strawberry  (Source: Scient Hort) - English
  • European strawberry  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • wild strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • woodland strawberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fraisier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier des bois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Walderdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • besuka-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-no-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • morangueiro-bravo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fresal común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smultron  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ye cao mei  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (Cornucopia)
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry (fide Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as diploid, self compatible)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Altay, Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido]

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Prince Edward Island]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. (L New Mex)
  6. Caruso, G. et al. 2011. Effects of cultural cycles and nutrient solutions on plant growth, yield and fruit quality of alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) grown in hydroponics Sci. Hort. 129:479-485.
  7. Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2. (F BritClap)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Evans, W. D. 1982. The production of multispecific octoploids from Fragaria species and the cultivated strawberry (Euphytica)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  16. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  17. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited (Telopea) 9:800.
  24. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  25. Marta, A. E. et al. 2004. Breeding barriers between the cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa, and related wild germplasm (Euphytica) 136:139-150.
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  28. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  33. Scott, D. H. 1950. Cytological studies on polyploids derived from tetraploid Fragaria vesca and cultivated strrawberris (Genetics) 36:312.
  34. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  35. Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 482:71-83.
  36. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=264. Accessed 26 May 2018.