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Taxon: Panicum repens L.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26620
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:87. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • couch panicum  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • torpedo grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Victoria grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • millet rampant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • panic rampant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • kriechende Hirse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • grama-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-de-ponta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-portuguesa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cañota  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as forage
  • Environmental: erosion control
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China (s.e.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Assam, Bihar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka] Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Aliscioni, S. S. et al. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of Panicum (Poaceae: Paniceae): tests of monophyly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae. Amer. J. Bot. 90:796-821. Note: also citing "Panicum gouinii", member of section Dichotomiflora
  4. Andrews, F. W. 1950-1956. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
  5. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). Note: introduced weed
  6. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  7. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  8. Burkill, H. M. 1985-2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  10. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  11. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  12. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  13. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  14. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  15. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  16. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  17. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Panicum+repens&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  19. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  20. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  21. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  22. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  23. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  24. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  25. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  26. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  27. Hunt, H. V. et al. 2014. Reticulate evolution in Panicum (Poaceae): the origin of tetraploid broomcorn millet, P. miliaceum. J. Exp. Bot. 65:3165-3175. Note: it confirmed the allopolyploidy status of Panicum repens, and P. sumatrense or a related species as one of the genome donors
  28. Hutchison, J. T. & R. B. Shaw. 2013. Range expansion of Panicum repens (Poaceae) into central Texas (U.S.A.) may threaten endangered species. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7:901-904.
  29. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. Note: as native
  30. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  31. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  32. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  33. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  34. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  35. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  36. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  37. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  38. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  39. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  40. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: mentions
  41. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  42. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: mentions
  43. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  44. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  45. Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India
  46. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  47. Sreekumar, P. V. & V. J. Nair. 1991. Flora of Kerala - grasses.
  48. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:176.
  49. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia. Note: mentions
  50. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  51. Triplett, J. K. et al. 2012. Five nuclear loci resolve the polyploid history of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and relatives. PLoS One 7(6): e38702. Note: as Panicum gouinii, a tetraploid (2n=36) and carrier of two genomes J and K, and distant to both P. miliaceum and P. virgatum
  52. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  53. Veldkamp, J. F. 1996. Revision of Panicum and Whiteochloa in Malesia (Gramineae-Paniceae). Blumea 41:202.
  54. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  55. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  56. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  57. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  58. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  59. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  60. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  61. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  62. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:405. Note: as introduced
  63. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Panicum repens L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26620. Accessed 19 July 2019.