Taxon: Panicum virgatum L.

Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26657
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 501 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hort Rev 39:129, 132. 2012)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: wildlife habitat (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US; Grass VarUSA)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide Can J Pl Sci 86:1315-1325. 2006;,)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Montana, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Puebla, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama

  • Cultivated

  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • United States


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V (Phytologia) 37:381.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States Hort. Rev. 39:121-151.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sanderson, M. A. et al. 2006. Switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock in the USA Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 86:1315:1325.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Panicum virgatum L. :