Taxon: Panicum virgatum L.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26657
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 502 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: wildlife habitat (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US; Grass VarUSA)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide Can J Pl Sci 86:1315-1325. 2006; http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/projects/projects.htm?accn_no=408533,)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba, Saskatchewan (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana (e. & c.), Wyoming (e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, Nevada (s.), Utah (s.e.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Puebla, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  3. Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V (Phytologia) 37:381.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  10. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  11. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  12. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  16. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  17. Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States Hort. Rev. 39:121-151.
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Sanderson, M. A. et al. 2006. Switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock in the USA Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 86:1315:1325.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Panicum virgatum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26657. Accessed 25 May 2018.