Taxon: Panicum virgatum L.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
        Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26657
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Nov-1994
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 479 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hort Rev 39:129, 132. 2012)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Environmental: wildlife habitat (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US; Grass VarUSA)
  • Fuels: potential as biomass for energy generation (fide Can J Pl Sci 86:1315-1325. 2006; http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/projects/projects.htm?accn_no=408533,)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Montana, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Jalisco, - Nayarit, - Puebla, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama

  • Cultivated:

  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V (Phytologia) 37:381.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. 1950 (Grass US)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. 1969 (F CubaLeon)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States Hort. Rev. 39:121-151.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sanderson, M. A. et al. 2006. Switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock in the USA Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 86:1315:1325.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Panicum virgatum L. :

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