Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Fragaria virginiana Mill.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 267
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 2. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 204. 1766, as "races principales")
Link to protologue:
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 8 (8 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide L Edible Pl; Cornucopia)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Fragaria&SpeciesID=virginiana), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada (w.), Utah]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  3. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  4. Darrow, G. M. 1966. The strawberry: history, breeding and physiology 117-119.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  10. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632-1644.
  11. Harrison, R. E. et al. 1997. Morphological and molecular variation among populations of octoploid Fragaria virginiana and F. chiloensis (Rosaceae) from North America Amer. J. Bot. 84:612-620.
  12. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  13. Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829-1841.
  14. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  15. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Liu, B. et al. 2016. Insight into octoploid strawberry (Fragaria) subgenome composition revealed by GISH analysis of pentaploid hybrids (Genome) 59:79-86.
  19. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited (Telopea) 9:800.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  25. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  26. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  27. Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 842:71-83.
  28. Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus Canad. J. Bot. 40:880.
  29. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:68.
  30. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  32. Ulrich, D. et al. 2007. Diversity of aroma patterns in wild and cultivated Fragaria accessions Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1185-1196.

Check other web resources for Fragaria virginiana Mill. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=267. Accessed 14 December 2018.