Taxon: Parkinsonia aculeata L.

 
Genus: Parkinsonia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 26783
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:375. 1753
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Apr-1998
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Barbados flowerfence  (Source: Firewood Cr) - English
  • horse-bean  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Jerusalem-thorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Mexican paloverde  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • retaima  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • arrêtenègre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Jerusalemdorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • espinheiro-de-Jerusalém  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cina-cina  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • espinho-de-jerusalém  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rosa-da-Turquia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • turco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • espinillo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • palo de rayo  (Source: Firewood Cr) - Spanish
  • palo verde mejicano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jerusalemtörne  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • sessaban  (Source: Firewood Cr) - Transliterated Arabic

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Leg ErWild)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur, - Sonora
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, - Catamarca, - Chaco, - Entre Rios, - Formosa, - Salta, - Santa Fe, - Santiago del Estero; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador, - Galapagos Islands; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa; Swaziland
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Northern America

    • : South America; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • : South America; United States
    • Central America: Belize; Central America; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Bernardi, L. 1984. Contribución a la dendrología paraguaya. I (Boissiera) 35:263.
  • Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Burkart, A. E. Las leguminosas Argentinas - silvestres y cultivadas, ed. 2. 1952 (Leg Argent)
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute African flowering plants database (on-line resource). (L Africa Online)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):171.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lewis, G. P. Legumes of Bahia. 1987 (Leg Bahia)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. 1996 (Plantation Trees)
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses (Pl Res SEAs) 1:84.
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Parkinsonia aculeata L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Parkinsonia aculeata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image