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Taxon: Parkinsonia aculeata L.

 
Genus: Parkinsonia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 26783
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:375. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 15 (4 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • Barbados flowerfence  (Source: Firewood Cr) - English
  • horse-bean  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Jerusalem-thorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Mexican paloverde  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • retaima  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • arrêtenègre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Jerusalemdorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • espinheiro-de-Jerusalém  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cina-cina  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • espinho-de-jerusalém  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rosa-da-Turquia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • turco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • espinillo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • palo de rayo  (Source: Firewood Cr) - Spanish
  • palo verde mejicano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jerusalemtörne  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • sessaban  (Source: Firewood Cr) - Transliterated Arabic

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Fuels: fuelwood
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Sonora, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, [Galápagos] Ecuador, [Galápagos] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Salta, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero] Paraguay, Uruguay


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Central America, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • South America


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  3. Bernardi, L. 1984. Contribución a la dendrología paraguaya. I. Boissiera 35:263.
  4. Boudet, G. et al. 1986. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: introduced
  6. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  7. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  8. Burkart, A. E. 1952. Las leguminosas Argentinas - silvestres y cultivadas, ed. 2.
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  10. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute. African flowering plants database (on-line resource).
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Parkinsonia+aculeata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  15. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):171.
  16. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  18. Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia
  19. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  20. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  21. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  22. Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 1:84. Note: mentions
  23. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  24. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  25. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  26. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  29. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  30. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  31. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  32. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  33. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Parkinsonia aculeata L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Parkinsonia aculeata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26783. Accessed 20 July 2019.