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Taxon: Pastinaca sativa L.

 
Genus: Pastinaca
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Tordylieae
Subtribe: Tordyliinae
Nomen number: 27018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:262. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 90 (73 active, 50 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • wild parsnip  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • wild parsnip    - English (Canada)
  • panais sauvage   - French (Canada)
  • pastinaca  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • palsternacka  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ou fang feng  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Averill, K. M. & A. DiTommaso. 2007. Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa): A troublesome species of increasing concern. Weed Technol. 21:279-287.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Cain, N. et al. 2010. The biology of Canadian weeds. 144. Pastinaca sativa L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 90:217-240.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 188.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Pastinaca+sativa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  20. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Menemen, Y. & S. L. Jury. 2001. A taxonomic revision of the genus Pastinaca L. (Umbelliferae). Israel J. Pl. Sci. 49:74.
  25. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:113.
  26. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  30. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  35. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Pastinaca sativa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27018. Accessed 19 September 2019.