Taxon: Pastinaca sativa L.

Genus: Pastinaca
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Tordylieae
Subtribe: Tordyliinae
Nomen number: 27018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:262. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 73 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador ; Peru


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Averill, K. M. & A. DiTommaso 2007. Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa): A troublesome species of increasing concern Weed Technol. 21:279-287.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Cain, N. et al. 2010. The biology of Canadian weeds. 144. Pastinaca sativa L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 90:217-240.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Menemen, Y. & S. L. Jury 2001. A taxonomic revision of the genus Pastinaca L. (Umbelliferae) Israel J. Pl. Sci. 49:74.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:113.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Pastinaca sativa L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image