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Taxon: Phalaris canariensis L.

 
Genus: Phalaris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Phalaridinae
Nomen number: 27517
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:54. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 83 (52 active, 50 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for birdseed) forage
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Russian Federation [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd]


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Hungary, Netherlands

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, La Pampa]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain [Baleares]

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Uncertain

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Phalaris_canariensis/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  4. Baldini, R. M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae). Webbia 49:285.
  5. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  6. Cogliatti, M. et al. 2011. Canaryseed (Phalaris canariensis L.) accessions from nineteen countries show useful genetic variation for agronomic traits. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 91:37-48.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Phalaris+canariensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139-247.
  12. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist
  13. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  16. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  18. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  24. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:137.
  25. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:482.
  26. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:168.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  28. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-380.
  29. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/poaceae/phalaris-canariensis/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  30. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  31. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  33. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Phalaris canariensis L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27517. Accessed 23 July 2019.