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Taxon: Phalaris canariensis L.

 
Genus: Phalaris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Phalaridinae
Nomen number: 27517
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:54. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 83 (52 active, 50 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for birdseed); forage
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Russian Federation [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd]


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Hungary, Netherlands

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, La Pampa]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain [Baleares]

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Uncertain

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  5. Baldini, R. M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae) (Webbia) 49:285.
  6. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  7. Cogliatti, M. et al. 2011. Canaryseed (Phalaris canariensis L.) accessions from nineteen countries show useful genetic variation for agronomic traits Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 91:37-48.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  13. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  17. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  18. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  19. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  25. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga) 1:137.
  26. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:482.
  27. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:168.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  29. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  30. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  31. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  32. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Phalaris canariensis L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27517. Accessed 23 October 2018.