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Taxon: Amaranthus blitum L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Albersia
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2788
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:990. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: J. D. Hooker (1885) was apparently the first to unite A. blitum L. and A. lividus L., two names of equal priority, and he selected A. blitum
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Guernsey pigweed  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • livid amaranth  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • purple amaranth  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • slender amaranth  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • amarante livide  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • aufsteigender Amarant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • aufsteigender Fuchsschwanz  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • bledo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • mållamarant  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ao tou xian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:84. 1993)
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece


    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  5. Brenan, J. P. M. & C. C. Townsend 1980. (540) Proposal to reject Amaranthus blitum L. (Amaranthaceae) under Art. 69 in favor of A. lividus L. (Taxon) 29:695-696.
  6. Brummitt, R. K. 1984. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 27 (Taxon) 33:298.
  7. Costea, M. & F. J. Tardif 2003. The biology of Canadian weeds. 126. Amaranthus albus L., A. blitoides S. Watson and A. blitum L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 83:1039-1065.
  8. Costea, M. et al. 2001. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States (Sida) 19:977-986.
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Fillias, F. et al. 1980. Amaranthus blitum vs. A. lividus (Amaranthaceae) (Taxon) 29:149-150.
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  15. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  16. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  17. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  18. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  19. Hügin, G. 1987. Einige Bemerkungen zu wenig bekannten Amaranthus - Sippen (Amaranthaceae) Mitteleuropas (Willdenowia) 16:455.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:84.
  23. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Amaranthus blitum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2788. Accessed 15 December 2018.