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Taxon: Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch.

 
Genus: Eragrostis
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Eragrostideae
Subtribe: Eragrostidinae
Nomen number: 27885
Place of publication: Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien ser. 2, 5:110. 1907 (Vignolo, Malpighia 18:386. 1904, pro syn.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-Mar-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (5 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • gray love grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • stink grass  (Source: Intermt F) - English
  • großes Liebesgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • graminha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Israel, Jordan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Myanmar, Thailand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  4. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Eragrostis+cilianensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  14. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Gugsa, L. & T. Mengiste. 1999. The crossability of Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) trotter with its wild close relatives. Proc. Annual Conf. Crop Science Soc. Ethiopia. 57-60. Note: it reported unsuccessful crosses attempts between Eragrostis tef and E. cilianensis
  17. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  19. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  21. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  22. Lazarides, M. 1997. A revision of Eragrostis (Eragrostideae, Eleusininae, Poaceae) in Australia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 10:105.
  23. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  24. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  25. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  26. Perry, G. & J. McNeill. 1986. The nomenclature of Eragrostis cilianensis (Poaceae) and the contribution of Bellardi to Allioni's Flora Pedemontana. Taxon 35:696-701.
  27. Peterson, P. M. & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2005. Eragrostis (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae: Eragrostidinae) from northeastern Mexico. Sida 21:1374-1378.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  30. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  31. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  32. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  35. Veldkamp, J. F. 2002. Revision of Eragrostis (Gramineae, Chloridoideae) in Malesia. Blumea 47:171.
  36. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  37. Zeid, M. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity in tef (Eragrostis tef) germplasm using SSR markers. Field Crops Res. 127:64-70. Note: it apparently examined 13 wild species of Eragrostis; it found the E. cilianensis accession to be mislabeled and represented instead the crop
  38. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  39. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27885. Accessed 21 July 2019.