Taxon: Helianthus annuus L.

 
Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Nomen number: 27923
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:904. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3695 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Human food: pseudocereal ()
  • Human food: seeds ()
  • Human food: starch ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2004/biofuels2004.pdf,)
  • Gene sources: potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in sunflower ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sunflower (based on hybrids with high seed germination, but " lower fitness than wild plants")
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.), British Columbia (s.), Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized



    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territory]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. (F EntreR)
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  11. Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus) Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):61-68.
  12. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  13. Horn, R. 2002. Molecular diversity of male sterility inducing and male-fertile cytoplasms in the genus Helianthus Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:562-570.
  14. International Energy Agency 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective (web document) 1-216.
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Kane, N. C. et al. 2009. Comparative genomic and population genetic analyses indicate highly porous genomes and high levels of gene flow between divergent Helianthus species (Evolution) 63:2061-2075.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  18. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  19. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  23. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  24. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  25. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  26. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  28. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  31. Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States 4-5.
  32. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  33. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  34. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  35. Snow, A. A. et al. 1998. Fecundity, phenology, and seed dormancy of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae) Amer. J. Bot. 85:794-801.
  36. Ureta, M. S. et al. 2008. Natural hybrids between cultivated and wild sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) in Argentina Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:1267-1277.
  37. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  38. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  39. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  40. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)

Check other web resources for Helianthus annuus L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27923. Accessed 25 April 2018.