Taxon: Helianthus annuus L.

 
Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Heliantheae
Nomen number: 27923
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:904. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 4161 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: pseudocereal (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: starch (fide PROTA4U)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide CultTropS)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2004/biofuels2004.pdf,)
  • Gene sources: potential for cytoplasmic male sterility in sunflower (fide Theor Appl Genet 104:563. 2002)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sunflower (based on hybrids with high seed germination, but " lower fitness than wild plants" fide Amer J Bot 85:794. 1998)
  • Materials: fiber (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: lipids (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probably not native in e. United States

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

    • :
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Arias, D. M. & L. H. Rieseberg 1994. Gene flow between cultivated and wild sunflowers Theor. Appl. Genet. 89:655-660.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Dolgova, T. A. et al. 2007. Cytogenetic study of F1 interspecific hybrids of the section Helianthus (Helia) 30:51-60.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1962. Species crosses in Helianthus: I. Diploid species (Brittonia) 14:137-147.
  • Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus) Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):61-68.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Horn, R. 2002. Molecular diversity of male sterility inducing and male-fertile cytoplasms in the genus Helianthus Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:562-570.
  • Horn, R. 2002. Molecular diversity of male sterility inducing and male-fertile cytoplasms in the genus Helianthus Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:562-570.
  • International Energy Agency 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective (web document) 1-216.
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Jackson, R. C. 1988. A quantitative cytogenetic analysis of an intersectional hybrid in Helianthus (Compositae) Amer. J. Bot. 75:609-614.
  • Kane, N. C. et al. 2009. Comparative genomic and population genetic analyses indicate highly porous genomes and high levels of gene flow between divergent Helianthus species (Evolution) 63:2061-2075.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. 1987 (F Int Apico)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Rieseberg, L. H. et al. 1999. Introgression between the cultivated sunflower and a sympatric wild relative, Helianthus petiolaris (Asteraceae) Int. J. Pl. Sci. 160:102-108.
  • Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States 4-5.
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
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  • Snow, A. A. et al. 1998. Fecundity, phenology, and seed dormancy of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae) Amer. J. Bot. 85:794-801.
  • Snow, A. A. et al. 1998. Fecundity, phenology, and seed dormancy of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae) Amer. J. Bot. 85:794-801.
  • Ureta, M. S. et al. 2008. Natural hybrids between cultivated and wild sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) in Argentina Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:1267-1277.
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  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Vukich, M. et al. 2009. Genetic variability in sunflower (Helianthus annuus l.) and in the Helianthus genus as assessed by retrotransposons-based molecular markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 119:1027-1038.
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  • Wills, D. M. & J. M. Burke 2006. Chloroplast DNA variation confirms a single origin of domesticated sunflower J. Heredity 97:403-408.

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