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Taxon: Helianthus annuus L.

 
Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Nomen number: 27923
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:904. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4270 (3788 active, 2815 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: pseudocereal; seeds; starch
  • Materials: lipids
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan (s.), Alberta (s.), Manitoba (s.), British Columbia (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Baja California (Norte)]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized



    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territories]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  4. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Helianthus+annuus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  10. Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):61-68.
  11. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  12. Horn, R. 2002. Molecular diversity of male sterility inducing and male-fertile cytoplasms in the genus Helianthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:562-570.
  13. International Energy Agency. 2004. Biofuels for transport: an international perspective. (on-line resource). 1-216. URL: http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2004/biofuels2004.pdf target='_blank'
  14. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  15. Kane, N. C. et al. 2009. Comparative genomic and population genetic analyses indicate highly porous genomes and high levels of gene flow between divergent Helianthus species. Evolution 63:2061-2075.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  18. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  24. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  28. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States. 4-5.
  31. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  32. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  33. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  34. Snow, A. A. et al. 1998. Fecundity, phenology, and seed dormancy of F1 wild-crop hybrids in sunflower (Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae). Amer. J. Bot. 85:794-801.
  35. Ureta, M. S. et al. 2008. Natural hybrids between cultivated and wild sunflowers (Helianthus spp.) in Argentina. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:1267-1277.
  36. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/asteraceae/helianthus-annuus/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  37. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  38. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  39. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  40. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Helianthus annuus L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27923. Accessed 22 July 2019.