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Taxon: Helianthus tuberosus L.

 
Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Nomen number: 27946
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:905. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 186 (91 active, 47 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • earth-apple  (Source: Ecocrop) - English
  • Jerusalem-artichoke  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • sunchoke  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • topinambur  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Jerusalem artichoke   - English (Canada)
  • artichaut de Jérusalem  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • topinambour  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • topinambour   - French (Canada)
  • Erdbirne  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Indianerknolle  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Topinambur  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • kiku-imo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • batata-tupinambá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • girassol-de-batata  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tupinambá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tupinambor  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • aguaturma  (Source: Agricultura) - Spanish
  • castaña de tierra  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • námara  (Source: Agricultura) - Spanish
  • pataca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • patata de caña  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jordärtskocka  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • podsolnečnik klubenosnij  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • topinambur  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • zemljanaja gruša  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; fodder; fodder; forage
  • Fuels:
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.), Prince Edward Island, Québec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (s.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.), Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana (n.), Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in temperate regions)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Bock, D. G. et al. 2014. Genome skimming reveals the origin of the Jerusalem artichoke tuber crop species: neither from Jerusalem nor an artichoke. New Phytol. 201:1021-1030. Note: it included six USDA accessions (PI 503279, 547230, 547243, 547248, 613795 and 650105) all hexaploids
  5. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1984. Herbaceous plants of Maryland
  6. Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969-. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  7. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  9. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  10. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  11. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 253.
  12. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  13. Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa. 1994. The vascular plants of Iowa
  14. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  15. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  16. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:100-102.
  17. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Helianthus+tuberosus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  19. Gandhi, K. N. & R. D. Thomas. 1989. Asteraceae of Louisiana
  20. Georgieva-Todorova, J. 1984. Interspecific hybridization in the genus Helianthus L.. Z. Pflanzenzücht. 93:265-279. Note: replaced by Plant Breeding (New York)
  21. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  22. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  23. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  24. Heiser, C. B., Jr. et al. 1969. The North American sunflowers (Helianthus). Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22(3):126-131.
  25. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  26. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  27. Ivanov, P. et al. 2002. Application of some biotechnological achievements in sunflower breeding. Helia 25:9-18.
  28. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  29. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  30. Kays, S. J. & S. F. Nottingham. 2008. Biology and chemistry of Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus. 1-478.
  31. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  32. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  33. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  34. Margaritis, A. & P. Bajpai. 1982. Ethanol production from Jerusalem artichoke tubers (Helianthus tuberosus) using Kluvyeromyces marxianus and Saccharomyces rosei. Biotechnol. Bioengin. 24:941-953.
  35. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  36. Mateo-Segasta, L. A. & J. R. Conde-García. 1993. El cultivo de la pataca y utilidad de sus tubérculos. Agricultura 140-149.
  37. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  38. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  39. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  40. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  41. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  42. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  43. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  44. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  45. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  46. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  47. Rehorek, V. 1997. Cultivated and escaped perennial Helianthus species in Europe. Preslia 69:59-70.
  48. Rogers, C. E. et al. 1982. Sunflower species of the United States. 41-42.
  49. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  50. Seiler, G. J. 2007. The potential of wild sunflower species for industrial uses. Helia 30:175-198.
  51. Smith, E. B. 1994. Keys to the flora of Arkansas.
  52. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  53. Timme, R. E. et al. 2007. High-resolution phylogeny for Helianthus (Asteraceae) using the 18S-26S ribosomal DNA external transcribed spacer. Amer. J. Bot. 94:1837-1852.
  54. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  55. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  56. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  57. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  58. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Asteraceae&GenusID=Helianthus&SpeciesID=tuberosus target='_blank'
  59. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Helianthus tuberosus L. :

  • Euro+Med Plantbase: Information Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Capitulum: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Habit: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit
  • Habit: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27946. Accessed 20 October 2019.