Taxon: Helianthus tuberosus L.

 
Genus: Helianthus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Heliantheae
Nomen number: 27946
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:905. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 186 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: starch (fide F EntreR)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide F EntreR)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F EntreR; Dict Econ Pl; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F EntreR)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (based on test of ethanol production fide Biotechnol Bioeng 24:941. 1982)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for sunflower (fide Biol Chem JArtichoke 152. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sunflower (based on hybrids derived from crosses with cultivated H. annuus by embryo culture and organogenesis fide Helia 25:14. 2002)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Preslia 69:59-70. 1997; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Manitoba

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in temperate regions

References:

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  • Bock, D. G. et al. 2014. Genome skimming reveals the origin of the Jerusalem artichoke tuber crop species: neither from Jerusalem nor an artichoke New Phytol. 201:1021-1030.
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Check other web resources for Helianthus tuberosus L. :

Images:

  • Capitulum: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Habit: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit
  • Habit: USDA/ARS Sunflower Research Unit