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Taxon: Amaranthus hybridus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2795
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:990. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: Amaranthus hybridus auct., in part = A. hypochondriacus
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 161 (131 active, 127 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.e.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=1720), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Yucatán, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia


    Cultivated (cult. in tropical, subtropical, & warm-temperate regions)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bayón, N. D. 2015. Revisión taxonómica de las especies monoicas de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae): Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus y Amaranthus subg. Albersia. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 101:261-383.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: = Amaranthus hybridus var. hybridus
  4. Chun, K. F. & M. Sun. 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  7. Costea, M. et al. 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 130. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Watson and A. hybridus L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:631-668.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  9. El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980-. Flora of Egypt.
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Amaranthus+hybridus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  14. Greizerstein, E. J. & L. Poggio. 1992. Estudios citogenéticos de seis híbridos interespecíficos de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). Darwiniana 31:159-165.
  15. Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths. Cytologia 62:115-120. Note: it confirmed the polyploid character of all 2n=32 species as Amaranthus hybridus; its karyotype was described as 5m + 2sm + 1st + 8t
  16. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  17. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  18. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  21. Kietlinski, K. D. et al. 2014. Relationships between the weedy Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) and the grain amaranths. Crop Sci. (Madison) 54:220-228.
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  30. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:107-109.
  31. Stetter, M. C. & K. J. Schmid. 2017. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships and genome size evolution of the Amaranthus genus using GBS indicates the ancestors of an ancient crop. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 109:80-92.
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  34. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/amaranthaceae/amaranthus-hybridus/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  35. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  36. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  37. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Amaranthaceae&GenusID=Amaranthus&SpeciesID=hybridus target='_blank'
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  39. Xu, F. & M. Sun. 2001. Comparative analysis of phylogenetic relationships of grain amaranths and their wild relatives (Amaranthus; Amaranthaceae) using Internal Transcribed Spacer, Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism, and Double-Primer Fluorescent Intersimple Sequence Repeat Markers. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 21:372-387.

Check other web resources for Amaranthus hybridus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2795. Accessed 21 July 2019.