Taxon: Amaranthus hybridus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2795
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:990. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: Amaranthus hybridus auct., in part = A. hypochondriacus
Typification:
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 130 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: progenitor of Inca-wheat (as a lineage that might have given rise to A. caudatus fide Crop Sci 54:226. 2014)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of prince's-feather (as a lineage that might have given rise to A. hypochondriacus fide Crop Sci 54:226. 2014)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Inca-wheat (based on close affinity to A. caudatus fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:386. 2001, but with crossing barriers fide Ann Mo BG 54:111. 2967)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of prince's-feather (based on close affinity to A. hypochondriacus fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:386. 2001, but with crossing barriers fide Ann Mo BG 54:111. 2967)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of purple amaranth (based on probable cytogenetic differences with 2n=17 Amaranthus cruentus fide Darwiniana 31:160. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.e.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=1720), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Amaranthaceae&GenusID=Amaranthus&SpeciesID=hybridus), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas, Baja Norte, Baja Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Federal District]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Suriname
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia


    Cultivated (cult. in tropical, subtropical, & warm-temperate regions)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Bayón, N. D. 2015. Revisión taxonómica de las especies monoicas de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae): Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus y Amaranthus subg. Albersia Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 101:261-383.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. Chun, K. F. & M. Sun 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  7. Costea, M. et al. 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 130. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Watson and A. hybridus L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:631-668.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah Flora of Egypt. (F Egypt Cairo)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. (F Guianas)
  14. Greizerstein, E. J. & L. Poggio 1992. Estudios citogenéticos de seis híbridos interespecíficos de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae) (Darwiniana) 31:159-165.
  15. Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths (Cytologia) 62:115-120.
  16. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  17. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  18. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  21. Kietlinski, K. D. et al. 2014. Relationships between the weedy Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) and the grain amaranths Crop Sci. (Madison) 54:220-228.
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
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  29. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  30. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:107-109.
  31. Stetter, M. C. & K. J. Schmid 2017. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships and genome size evolution of the Amaranthus genus using GBS indicates the ancestors of an ancient crop Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 109:80-92.
  32. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  35. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  36. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  38. Xu, F. & M. Sun 2001. Comparative analysis of phylogenetic relationships of grain amaranths and their wild relatives (Amaranthus; Amaranthaceae) using Internal Transcribed Spacer, Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism, and Double-Primer Fluorescent Intersimple Sequence Repeat Markers Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 21:372-387.

Check other web resources for Amaranthus hybridus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2795. Accessed 24 April 2018.