Taxon: Amaranthus hybridus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
  Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2795
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:990. 1753
Comment: Amaranthus hybridus auct., in part = A. hypochondriacus
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 159 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: progenitor of Inca-wheat (as a lineage that might have given rise to A. caudatus fide Crop Sci 54:226. 2014)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of prince's-feather (as a lineage that might have given rise to A. hypochondriacus fide Crop Sci 54:226. 2014)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Inca-wheat (based on close affinity to A. caudatus fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:386. 2001, but with crossing barriers fide Ann Mo BG 54:111. 2967)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of prince's-feather (based on close affinity to A. hypochondriacus fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 21:386. 2001, but with crossing barriers fide Ann Mo BG 54:111. 2967)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of purple amaranth (based on probable cytogenetic differences with 2n=17 Amaranthus cruentus fide Darwiniana 31:160. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas, - Baja Norte, - Baja Sur
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Tlaxcala, - Veracruz, - Yucatan, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, - Manitoba
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Bermuda; Cuba
    • Central America: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere in tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions

    Cultivated:

    . cult. in tropical, subtropical, & warm-temperate regions

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bayón, N. D. 2015. Revisión taxonómica de las especies monoicas de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae): Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus y Amaranthus subg. Albersia Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 101:261-383.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Chun, K. F. & M. Sun 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Costea, M. et al. 2004. The biology of Canadian weeds. 130. Amaranthus retroflexus L., A. powellii S. Watson and A. hybridus L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 84:631-668.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
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  • Greizerstein, E. J. & L. Poggio 1992. Estudios citogenéticos de seis híbridos interespecíficos de Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae) (Darwiniana) 31:159-165.
  • Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths (Cytologia) 62:115-120.
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  • Kietlinski, K. D. et al. 2014. Relationships between the weedy Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) and the grain amaranths Crop Sci. (Madison) 54:220-228.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
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  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
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  • Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:107-109.
  • Stetter, M. C. & K. J. Schmid 2017. Analysis of phylogenetic relationships and genome size evolution of the Amaranthus genus using GBS indicates the ancestors of an ancient crop Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 109:80-92.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
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  • Xu, F. & M. Sun 2001. Comparative analysis of phylogenetic relationships of grain amaranths and their wild relatives (Amaranthus; Amaranthaceae) using Internal Transcribed Spacer, Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism, and Double-Primer Fluorescent Intersimple Sequence Repeat Markers Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 21:372-387.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Amaranthus hybridus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image