Taxon: Amaranthus spinosus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
  Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2804
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:991. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (used like spinach fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):110. 1999; Wealth India RM ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to humans, source of allergenic airborne pollen fide Ann Agr Env Med 9:147-151. 2002)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . probable origin neotropics

    Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. weed of tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition). New Delhi. 1985-1992 (Wealth India RM ed2)
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah Flora of Egypt. 1980- (F Egypt Cairo)
  • Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Girija, T. & Tabish Flowers of India (on-line resource). (Flow India)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths (Cytologia) 62:115-120.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):110.
  • Pal, M. 1972. Evolution and improvement of cultivated amaranths. III. Amaranthus spinosus - dubius complex (Genetica) 43:106-118.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. 2007 (Weed CRCAustralia)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:107.
  • Singh, A. B. & P. Dahiya 2002. Antigenic and allergenic properties of Amaranthus spinosus pollen - A commonly growing weed in India Ann. Agric. Environm. Med. 9:147-151.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter Flora of the Galapagos islands. 1971 (F Galap)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Amaranthus spinosus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image