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Taxon: Amaranthus spinosus L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Amaranthus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2804
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:991. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 25 (24 active, 24 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (used like spinach fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Naturalized (widely natzd. weed of tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions)

    Other (probable origin neotropics)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  5. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1985-1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition).
  6. El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980-. Flora of Egypt.
  7. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Girija, T. & Tabish. Flowers of India (on-line resource).
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  11. Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986-. Flora of the Guianas.
  12. Greizerstein, E. J. et al. 1997. Karyological studies in five wild species of amaranths. Cytologia 62:115-120. Note: as 2n=34
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  16. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  18. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  19. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  23. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):110.
  24. Pal, M. 1972. Evolution and improvement of cultivated amaranths. III. Amaranthus spinosus - dubius complex. Genetica 43:106-118. Note: meiotic arrangement in triploid hybrids showed mostly 15 or 17 bivalents, with 15 univalents; an examination of backcrosses and hexaploids supported the rejection of Amaranthus spinosus as a parental species of A. dubius
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  29. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  30. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  31. Sauer, J. D. 1967. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54:107.
  32. Singh, A. B. & P. Dahiya. 2002. Antigenic and allergenic properties of Amaranthus spinosus pollen - A commonly growing weed in India. Ann. Agric. Environm. Med. 9:147-151.
  33. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  34. Villaseñor, J. L. 2016. Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev. Mex. Biodivers. 87:559-902.
  35. Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter. 1971. Flora of the Galapagos islands.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus spinosus L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2804. Accessed 23 July 2019.