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Taxon: Amaranthus tricolor L.

 
Genus: Amaranthus
Subgenus: Albersia
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2807
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:989. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 229 (183 active, 179 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

    Other (probable origin tropical Asia)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Andini, R. et al. 2013. Amaranthus genetic resources in Indonesia: morphological and protein content assessment in comparison with worldwide amaranths. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:2115-2128. Note: this study included 26 USDA accessions, five (AMES 5134, PI 349553, PI 566899, PI 604669, and PI 608761) representing Amaranthus tricolor
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chan, K. F. & M. Sun. 1997. Genetic diversity and relationships detected by isozyme and RAPD analysis of crop and wild species of Amaranthus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95:865-873.
  5. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1985-1992. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials (revised edition).
  6. Das, S. 2012. Systematics and taxonomic delimitation of vegetable, grain and weed amaranths: a morphological and biochemical approach. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:289-303. Note: this study recognized Amaranthus tricolor with two varieties (tricolor and tristis) and four morphotypes; all samples clustered together except one morphotype that clustered with "weedy" A. spinosus and A. viridis
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Amaranthus+tricolor&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  16. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  22. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense. Note: = Amaranthus melancholicus
  28. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:82-86.
  29. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  30. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  31. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  32. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  33. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  34. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:34.
  35. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  36. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Amaranthus tricolor L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2807. Accessed 21 September 2019.