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Taxon: Pistacia lentiscus L.

 
Genus: Pistacia
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 28647
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1026. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 14-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 23 (7 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: preservative (fide http://books.google.com/books?id=2w__X6I0_5wC&lpg=PA38&ots=NZfksLCKPU&dq=%22Pistacia%20lentiscus%22%20flavor%20additive&pg=PA38#v=onepage&q=Pistacia%20lentiscus&f=false,)
  • Materials: gum/resin (mastic for varnish)
  • Medicines:
  • Social: masticatory (resin) masticatory (resin)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria (w.), Turkey (w.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. AL-Saghir, M. G. & D. M. Porter. 2012. Taxonomy revision of the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Pl. Sci. 3:24-27.
  3. Al-Saghir, M. G. 2010. Perspective on chromosome numbers in the genus Pistacia L. (Anacardiaceae). Int. J. Pl. Breed. Genet. 4:153-157. Note: this review questioned the report of 2n=24 for Pistacia lentiscus and two other species, and also 2n=28 for P. atlantica, because it will requiere two reductions to happen in the genus
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Pistacia+lentiscus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Furia, T. E. 1980. Handbook of food additives, 2nd edition. 2:38. Note: re. flavoring food addative
  10. Golan-Goldhirsch, A. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships among Mediterranean Pistacia species evaluated by RAPD and AFLP markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 246:9-18.
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hormaza, J. I. & A. Wünsch. 2011. Chapter 6. Pistacia. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits 119-128.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  16. Jarvis, C. et al. Linnaean plant name typification project (on-line resource).
  17. Kafkas, S. & R. Perl-Treves. 2002. Interspecific relationships in Pistacia based on RAPD fingerprinting. HortScience 37:168-171.
  18. Kafkas, S. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pistacia by AFLP markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 262:113-124.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  21. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  22. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  23. Parfitt, D. E. & M. L. Badenes. 1997. Phylogeny of the genus Pistacia as determined from analysis of the chloroplast genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94:7987-7992.
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Yi, T. et al. 2008. Phylogenetics and reticulate evolution in Pistacia (Anacardiaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 95:241-251.
  30. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Pistacia lentiscus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28647. Accessed 13 October 2019.