Taxon: Poa pratensis L.

 
Genus: Poa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28996
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:67. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 826 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (for turf fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: soil improver (as cover crop fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Animal food: forage (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Intermt F; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  7. Brummitt, R. K. 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 50 (Taxon) 49:802.
  8. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  9. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  11. Douglas, G. W. et al., eds. The vascular plants of British Colombia. 1994 (F BritCol)
  12. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  17. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  18. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  19. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  22. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  23. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  24. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  25. Lv, C. C. et al. 2011. First report of dollar spot of Agrostis stolonifera, Poa pratensis, Festuca arundinacea and Zoysia japonica caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa in China New Dis. Rep. 23, 37. [DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.037]
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  28. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:118.
  30. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  31. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  35. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  36. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  37. Shortell, R. R. et al. 2009. Classification and inheritance of morphological and agronomic characteristics in Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) (HortScience) 44:274-279.
  38. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  39. Soreng, R. J. & F. R. Barrie 1999. (1391) Proposal to conserve the name Poa pratensis (Gramineae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 48:157-159.
  40. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:557.
  41. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:135.
  42. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  44. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  45. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  46. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  47. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  48. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  49. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  50. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  51. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  52. Zelnik, U. et al. 2008. Revegetation of motorway slopes using different seed mixtures Restorat. Ecol. 18:449-456.

Check other web resources for Poa pratensis L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28996. Accessed 23 May 2018.