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Taxon: Poa pratensis L.

 
Genus: Poa
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 28996
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:67. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 953 (827 active, 512 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide F Iraq; F Pak) forage (fide F Iraq; F Pak)
  • Environmental: lawn/turf (for turf fide Grass VarUSA) soil improver (as cover crop)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Poa_pratensis_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  6. Brummitt, R. K. 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 50. Taxon 49:802. Note: conservation proposal recommended
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  8. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  10. Douglas, G. W. et al., eds. 1994. The vascular plants of British Colombia
  11. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Poa+pratensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139-247.
  16. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  18. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  20. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  21. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  22. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  23. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  24. Lv, C. C. et al. 2011. First report of dollar spot of Agrostis stolonifera, Poa pratensis, Festuca arundinacea and Zoysia japonica caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa in China. New Dis. Rep. 23:37. DOI: 10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.037
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  26. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  27. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  28. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:118.
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  30. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  31. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  32. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  34. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  35. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  36. Shortell, R. R. et al. 2009. Classification and inheritance of morphological and agronomic characteristics in Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.). HortScience 44:274-279.
  37. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  38. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:201.
  39. Soreng, R. J. & F. R. Barrie. 1999. (1391) Proposal to conserve the name Poa pratensis (Gramineae) with a conserved type. Taxon 48:157-159.
  40. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:557.
  41. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:135.
  42. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  43. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  44. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  45. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-380.
  46. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  47. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  48. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  49. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  50. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  51. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  52. Zelnik, U. et al. 2008. Revegetation of motorway slopes using different seed mixtures. Restorat. Ecol. 18:449-456.
  53. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Poa pratensis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28996. Accessed 15 October 2019.