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Taxon: Prunus americana Marshall

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29831
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 111. 1785
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42762699
Name Verified on: 09-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 20 (13 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (edible cultivars include hybrids)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Ontario (s.), New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan (s.e.), Manitoba (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Utah]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Boonprakob, U. & D. H. Byrne. 2003. Species composition of Japanese plum founding clones as revealed by RAPD markers. Acta Hort. 622:473-476.
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  4. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 1:514-515.
  9. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  10. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  13. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  15. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  16. Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160. Note: as a member of section Prunocerasus
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  21. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  22. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  23. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 337-357.
  24. Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209-213.
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69-75.
  29. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  30. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  31. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  32. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011-2030.
  33. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  35. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  36. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=americana target='_blank'
  37. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  38. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Prunus americana Marshall :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29831. Accessed 22 November 2019.