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Taxon: Prunus americana Marshall

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29831
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 111. 1785
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42762699
Name Verified on: 09-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Nov-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 20 (13 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (edible cultivars include hybrids fide Dict Gard)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario (s.), Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.), Saskatchewan (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/prun-ame.htm), South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida (n.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=americana), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Utah]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Boonprakob, U. & D. H. Byrne 2003. Species composition of Japanese plum founding clones as revealed by RAPD markers Acta Hort. 622:473-476.
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  4. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  8. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:514-515.
  10. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  11. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  12. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  15. Jänes, H. & A. Pae 2002. Cherry plum hybrid cultivars in Estonia Acta Hort. 577:181-186
  16. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  17. Kalinina, A. et al. 2007. Susceptibility of ornamental Prunus to plum pox potyvirus infection Acta Hort. 738:601-605.
  18. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  19. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  20. Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins A flora of New Mexico. (F New Mex)
  25. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  26. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  27. Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources (HortScience) 36:209-213.
  28. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  30. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  31. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  32. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  33. Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69-75.
  34. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  35. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  36. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011-2030.
  37. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  38. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  39. Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  40. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource). (Atlas Florida)

Check other web resources for Prunus americana Marshall :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29831. Accessed 17 November 2018.