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Taxon: Prunus avium (L.) L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29844
Place of publication: Fl. suec. ed. 2, 165. 1755
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/ing/Libro.php?Libro=1889&Pagina=201
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 992 (180 active, 68 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • bird cherry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • gean  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • mazzard cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • sweet cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • wild cherry  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • cerisier des oiseaux  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • merisier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Herzkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirschenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Vogelkirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • ciliegio  (Source: Mult Glossary Trees) - Italian
  • seiyō-mizakura  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cerejeira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cerezo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ou zhou tian ying tao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yangbeojnamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental (as Cerasus avium)
  • Human food: fruit (as Cerasus avium)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus (s.), Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Prunus_avium_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  6. Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2.
  7. Clarke, J. B. et al. 2009. A cherry map from the inter-specific cross Prunus avium 'Napoleon' × P. nipponica based on microsatellite, gene-specific and isoenzyme markers. Tree Genet. Genomes 5:41-51
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
  9. Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Chapter 14. Sweet and sour cherries: Linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 291-313.
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Prunus+avium&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Gutiérrez Pesce, P. & E. Ruggini. 2004. Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock 'Colt' (Prunus avium × P. pseudocerasus). Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 79:223-232.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:111-173.
  18. Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 151-175.
  19. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
  21. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  22. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  25. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  29. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  31. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  32. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104. Note: cultivated
  33. Pérez-Sánchez, R. et al. 2008. Agromorphological characterization of traditional Spanish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and duke cherry (Prunus × gondouinii Rehd.) cultivars. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 6:42-55. Note: this study clarified the identities of traditional Spanish cherries
  34. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  36. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
  37. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  38. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  39. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  40. Tavaud, S. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus × gondouinii and Prunus cerasus). Heredity 93:631-638.
  41. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  42. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:264.
  43. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
  45. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Prunus avium (L.) L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29844. Accessed 17 September 2019.