Taxon: Prunus avium (L.) L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29844
Place of publication: Fl. suec. ed. 2, 165. 1755
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 181 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • bird cherry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • gean  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • mazzard cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • sweet cherry  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • wild cherry  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • cerisier des oiseaux  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • merisier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Herzkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirsche  (Source: pers. comm.) - German
  • Süßkirschenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Vogelkirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • ciliegio  (Source: Mult Glossary Trees) - Italian
  • seiyō-mizakura  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cerejeira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cerezo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ou zhou tian ying tao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yangbeojnamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Eur Gard F; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for ornamental cherries (as "Japanese and large flowered cherries")
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry (fide Acta Hort 190:115. 1990)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sweet cherry (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Duke cherry (fide Heredity 93:631. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sour cherry (based on crosses with P. cerasus as female parent fide Heredity 93:632. 2004)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus (s.), Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  6. Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2. (F BritClap)
  7. Clarke, J. B. et al. 2009. A cherry map from the inter-specific cross Prunus avium 'Napoleon' × P. nipponica based on microsatellite, gene-specific and isoenzyme markers Tree Genet. Genomes 5:41-51
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Chapter 14. Sweet and sour cherries: Linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 291-313.
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Gutiérrez Pesce, P. & E. Ruggini 2004. Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock 'Colt' (Prunus avium × P. pseudocerasus) Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 79:223-232.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  17. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  18. Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 151-175.
  19. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  22. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  25. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  28. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  29. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:120.
  31. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  32. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  33. Pérez-Sánchez, R. et al. 2008. Agromorphological characterization of traditional Spanish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and duke cherry (Prunus × gondouinii Rehd.) cultivars Spanish J. Agric. Res. 6:42-55.
  34. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  36. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  37. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  38. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  39. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  40. Tavaud, S. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus × gondouinii and Prunus cerasus) (Heredity) 93:631-638.
  41. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  42. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:264.
  43. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  44. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Prunus avium (L.) L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29844. Accessed 25 May 2018.