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Taxon: Prunus domestica L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29888
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358494
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 607 (185 active, 56 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • wild plum  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ameixa-comum  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-européia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-preta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-roxa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-vermela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • plommon  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ou zhou li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base; fruit
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (probable origin Eurasia)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Prunus_domestica_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. Note: this study found that most species of the subgenus Prunus clustered together supporting the recognition of "traditional sections"; P. domestica clustered with both parental species: P. cerasifera and P. spinosa
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Prunus spinosa
  10. Depypere, L. et al. 2009. A combined morphometric and AFLP based diversity study challenges the taxonomy of the European members of the complex Prunus L. section Prunus. Pl. Syst. Evol. 279:219-231. Note: this study found a genetically similar identity between Prunus domestica and P. insititia, but different in fruit morphology
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Prunus+domestica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 265-298. Note: this review included Prunus domestica as one of the species crossed with P. persica "that form mostly sterile hybrids"
  16. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 161-231.
  17. Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.). Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  19. Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  23. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 337-357.
  24. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104. Note: recognized as one of the main cultivated species in Prunus
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Prunus spinosa
  28. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  29. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  30. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  31. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Prunus spinosa × P. cerasifera
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Prunus domestica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29888. Accessed 18 September 2019.