Taxon: Prunus domestica L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29888
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 187 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • wild plum  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ameixa-comum  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-européia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-preta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-roxa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-vermela  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • plommon  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ou zhou li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: disease resistance in plum (resistance to PPV sexually introgressed into commercially important cultivars fide Chilean J Agric Res 70:378. 2010)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot (fide Pl Breed 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (fide Pl Breed 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd.)

    Other (probable origin Eurasia)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  7. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  9. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  10. Depypere, L. et al. 2009. A combined morphometric and AFLP based diversity study challenges the taxonomy of the European members of the complex Prunus L. section Prunus Pl. Syst. Evol. 279:219-231.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  12. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  16. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  17. Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.) Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  19. Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  23. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  24. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  28. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  29. Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67-70.
  30. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  31. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  32. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Prunus domestica L. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29888. Accessed 19 June 2018.