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Taxon: Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Amygdalus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29890
Place of publication: Feddes Repert. 74:24. 1967
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 621 (208 active, 92 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Food additives:
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Amygdalus communis) mammals (as Amygdalus communis)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Jordan (w.), Lebanon, Turkey (s.)
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan


    Cultivated (cult. mainly in Mediterranean region, temperate Asia, N. & S. America, South Africa, & Australia)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, [Corse] Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya. Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  6. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  7. Browicz, K. & D. Zohary. 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:233. Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  8. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48. Note: = Prunus amygdalus
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  10. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. Note: = Prunus dulcis var. dulcis
  11. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  12. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  13. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  14. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  15. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage Note: = Prunus dulcis var. amara
  16. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  17. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  18. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications. Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  19. Gradziel, T. M. & P. Martínez-Gómez. 2013. Chapter 4. Almond breeding. Pl. Breed. Rev. 37:207-255.
  20. Gradziel, T. M. 2009. Almond (Prunus dulcis) breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 1-31.
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  22. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  23. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  24. Kester, D. E. et al. 1991. Almonds (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:701-760. Note: = Prunus communis
  25. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  30. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  31. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  35. Sorkheh, K. et al. 2009. Phenotypic diversity within native Iranian almond (Prunus spp.) species and their breeding potential. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:947-961. Note: this study evaluated nine samples of this species recognized as Prunus communis
  36. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: = Prunus amygdalus (L.) Batsch
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Amygdalus communis L.
  39. Yazbek, M. & S.-H. Oh. 2013. Peaches and almonds: phylogeny of Prunus subg. Amygdalus (Rosaceae) based on DNA sequences and morphology. Pl. Syst. Evol. 299:1403-1418.
  40. Zeinalabedini, M. et al. 2010. The origin and dissemination of the cultivated almond as determined by nuclear and chloroplast SSR marker analysis. Sci. Hort. 120:593-601.

Check other web resources for Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29890. Accessed 21 November 2019.