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Taxon: Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Amygdalus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29890
Place of publication: Feddes Repert. 74:24. 1967
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 622 (211 active, 352 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Food additives:
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Amygdalus communis); mammals (as Amygdalus communis)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Jordan (w.), Lebanon, Turkey (s.)
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan


    Cultivated (cult. mainly in Mediterranean region, temperate Asia, N. & S. America, South Africa, & Australia)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, [Corsica] Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  5. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  6. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  7. Browicz, K. & D. Zohary 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:233.
  8. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  10. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  11. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  12. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  13. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  14. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  15. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  16. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  17. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  18. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  19. Gradziel, T. M. 2009. Almond (Prunus dulcis) breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 1-31.
  20. Gradziel, T. M. & P. Martínez-Gómez 2013. Chapter 4. Almond breeding Pl. Breed. Rev. 37:207-255.
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  23. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  24. Kester, D. E. et al. 1991. Almonds (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:701-760.
  25. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  30. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  31. Ortega-Sada, J. L. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos. (F Int Apico)
  32. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  33. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  34. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  35. Sorkheh, K. et al. 2009. Phenotypic diversity within native Iranian almond (Prunus spp.) species and their breeding potential Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:947-961.
  36. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  39. Yazbek, M. & S.-H. Oh 2013. Peaches and almonds: phylogeny of Prunus subg. Amygdalus (Rosaceae) based on DNA sequences and morphology Pl. Syst. Evol. 299:1403-1418.
  40. Zeinalabedini, M. et al. 2010. The origin and dissemination of the cultivated almond as determined by nuclear and chloroplast SSR marker analysis Sci. Hort. 120:593-601.

Check other web resources for Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29890. Accessed 21 October 2018.