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Taxon: Prunus fruticosa Pall.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29899
Place of publication: Fl. ross. 1(1):19, t. 8, fig. B. 1784
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/ing/Libro.php?Libro=2503&Pagina=33
Name Verified on: 17-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 48 (15 active, 10 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; revegetator (for land reclamation)
  • Human food: potential as fruit (fide Acta Hort 190:122. 1990) potential as fruit (fide Acta Hort 190:122. 1990)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s. & c.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  3. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679. Note: this study tested five samples involving Prunus fruticosa and graft stock hybrids derived from it; their haplotype was also shared with some members of subgenus Prunus section Armeniaca, and other accessions of Cerasus except Microcerasus
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: = Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hrotkó, K. 2004. Cherry rootstock breeding at the Department of Fruit Science, Budapest. Acta Hort. 658:491-495. Note: artificial hybrids of Prunus fruticosa with Prunus mahaleb have graft stock potential
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:111-173.
  16. Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 151-175.
  17. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow
  18. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  19. Lang, G. et al. 1997. Biotic and abiotic stress responses of interspecific hybrid cherry rootstocks. Acta Hort. 451:217-224. Note: this study found Prunus fruticosa samples to be sensitive to viral diseases
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow

Check other web resources for Prunus fruticosa Pall. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29899. Accessed 16 July 2019.