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Taxon: Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30004
Place of publication: Gard. & Forest 5:90. 1892
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 20-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 14 (7 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • hortulan plum  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • wild-goose plum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Gärtnerpflaume  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • ameixeira-americana  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit (fide L Edible Pl; F Missouri)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana (s.), Ohio (s.w.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (s.e.), Kansas (e.), Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/prho.htm)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Kentucky (n.), Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=hortulana), Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia (natzd.?)]


References:

  1. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  2. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  3. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  4. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  5. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  6. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  7. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  8. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  9. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  10. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  13. McGregor, R. L. et al. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants. 1976 (L Kansas)
  14. Mohlenbrock, R. H. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. (F IllMohl)
  15. Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources (HortScience) 36:209-213.
  16. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  21. Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69-75.
  22. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  23. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  24. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  25. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  26. Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. (F WVa)

Check other web resources for Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30004. Accessed 16 October 2018.