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Taxon: Prunus japonica Thunb.

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Microcerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30017
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:463. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 201. 1784 Aug)
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1479915
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name Verified on: 26-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 23 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese bush cherry  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Chinese plumtree  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • Japanese almond cherry  (Source: Krussmann) - English
  • Japanese bush cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Oriental bush cherry  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • japanische Kirschmandel  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • japanische Mandelkirsche  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • niwa-ume  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • yu li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: = Cerasus japonica (Thunb.) Loisel.
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  4. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 265-298. Note: this review cited Prunus japonica among those species "that have been hybridized with P. persica"
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  6. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:111-173. Note: this review cited Prunus japonica with a potential use as a graft stock for "cherry", and "for winter hardiness to breed scion cultivars of sour cherry"
  7. Ishida, M. et al. 1989. In vitro propagation of Prunus japonica Thunb., a dwarfing rootstock for peach tree. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 58:49-54.
  8. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  9. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  10. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  11. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). Note: cultivated
  12. Okie, W. R. & D. W. Ramming. 1999. Plum breeding worldwide. HortTechnol. 9:162-176. Note: it cites successful crosses between Prunus japonica and plum
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 15. Note: cites for cherry
  15. Roh, M. S. et al. 2007. Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA. Sci. Hort. 114:121-128. Note: this study included Prunus japonica var. nakai as an outgroup
  16. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Cerasus japonica (Thunb.) Loisel.
  18. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Prunus japonica Thunb. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30017. Accessed 23 July 2019.