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Taxon: Prunus japonica Thunb.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Microcerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30017
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:463. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 201. 1784 Aug)
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1479915
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name Verified on: 26-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Nov-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 23 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese bush cherry  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Chinese plumtree  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • Japanese almond cherry  (Source: Krussmann) - English
  • Japanese bush cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Oriental bush cherry  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • japanische Kirschmandel  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • japanische Mandelkirsche  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • niwa-ume  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • yu li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  5. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  6. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  7. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  8. Ishida, M. et al. 1989. In vitro propagation of Prunus japonica Thunb., a dwarfing rootstock for peach tree J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 58:49-54.
  9. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  12. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  13. Okie, W. R. & D. W. Ramming 1999. Plum breeding worldwide HortTechnol. 9:162-176.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 15.
  16. Roh, M. S. et al. 2007. Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA Sci. Hort. 114:121-128.
  17. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Prunus japonica Thunb. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30017. Accessed 10 December 2018.