Taxon: Prunus laurocerasus L.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Cerasus
    Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30027
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Name Verified on: 01-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 85 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Crops US; Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Serbia

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kalkman, C. 1965. The Old World species of Prunus subg. Laurocerasus including those formerly referred to Pygeum (Blumea) 13:36.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Ohta, S. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships among Japanese flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) based on nucleotide sequences of chloroplast DNA Pl. Syst. Evol. 263:209-225.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Prunus laurocerasus L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image