Taxon: Prunus laurocerasus L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30027
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 59 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Crops US; Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Serbia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA Syst. Bot. 26:797-807.
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  4. Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles, ed. 2. (F BritClap)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Kalkman, C. 1965. The Old World species of Prunus subg. Laurocerasus including those formerly referred to Pygeum (Blumea) 13:36.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  17. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  19. Lee, S. & J. Wen 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA Amer. J. Bot. 88:150-160.
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  26. Ohta, S. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships among Japanese flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) based on nucleotide sequences of chloroplast DNA Pl. Syst. Evol. 263:209-225.
  27. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  33. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Prunus laurocerasus L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30027. Accessed 22 April 2018.