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Taxon: Prunus mahaleb L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30034
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 107 (16 active, 6 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; revegetator; shade/shelter
  • Food additives:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Buenos Aires]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Amodeo, M. R. & S. M. Zalba. 2017. Sex morphs and invasiveness of a fleshy-fruited tree in natural grasslands from Argentina. Botany 1-31. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2017-0041
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  4. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  5. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679. Note: this study examined one sample of Prunus mahaleb and another of a hybrid with P. fruticosa, the latter used as a graft stock for cherry
  6. Cai, Y. L. et al. 2007. Studies on genetic variation in cherry germplasm using RAPD analysis. Sci. Hort. 111:248-254. Note: this study included Prunus mahaleb as one of the wild species used as an outgroup
  7. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  8. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:111-173.
  15. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  16. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  19. Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104. Note: this review included Prunus mahaleb locally used in India for its kernels
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: = Cerasus mahaleb
  23. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  24. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  25. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press. Note: introduced
  26. Shimada, T. et al. 2001. The genetic diversities of 4 species of subg. Lithocerasus (Prunus, Rosaceae) revealed by RAPD analysis. Euphytica 117:85-90. Note: cites
  27. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  28. Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir
  29. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  30. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Cerasus mahaleb (L.) Mill.
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Prunus mahaleb L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30034. Accessed 17 October 2019.