Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Prunus mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30037
Place of publication: Deut. Dendrol. 317. 1893
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/ing/Libro.php?Libro=3517&Pagina=333
Name Verified on: 03-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 27 (2 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Manchurian apricot  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • dong bei xing  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Distributional Range:


    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan


  1. Badenes, M. L. et al. 1996. Genetic diversity in apricot, Prunus armeniaca, aimed at improving resistance to plum pox virus. Pl. Breed. (New York) 115:133-139. Note: this study in discussing probable origins of resistance to the virus in apricot cited Prunus mandshurica as a potential source among North American cultivars through hybridization; however Rubio et al. (2003) did not find the used accession of this species (see Pl Breed 122:465-466) "a good progenitor in breeding apricot for PPV resistance" and questioning its contribution to resistance in general
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  3. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48. Note: it used USDA accession DPRU 2311
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press. Note: = Armeniaca mandshurica
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner. 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot. Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 15:315-335.
  7. Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  10. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  11. Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 39-82.
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Prunus armeniaca var. mandshurica Maxim.
  13. Martínez-Gómez, P. et al. 2003. New approaches to Prunus tree crop breeding. J. Food Agric. Environm. 1:52-63. Note: this review cited Prunus mandshurica as a gene source for apricot
  14. Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65-110.
  15. Nakai, T. 1939. Notulae ad plantas Asiae Orientalis (IX). J. Jap. Bot. 39:679. Note: description of Prunus mandshurica var. glabra and var. barbinervis
  16. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  17. Rubio, M. et al. 2003. Susceptibility to sharka (plum pox virus) in Prunus mandshurica × P. armeniaca seedlings. Pl. Breed. (New York) 122:465-466. Note: this study did not find the used accession of this species (see Pl Breed 115:133-139. 1996) "a good progenitor in breeding apricot for PPV resistance" and questioning its contribution to resistance in general
  18. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  19. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  20. Tai Hyun Chung. 1965. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta.
  21. Takeda, T. et al. 1998. Classification of apricot varieties by RAPD analysis. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:21-27. Note: mentions
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Armeniaca manshurica (Maxim.) Skvortsov
  23. Zhebentyayeva, T. N. et al. 2008. Origin of resistance to plum pox virus in apricot: what new AFLP and targeted SSR data analyses tell. Tree Genet. Genomes 4:403-417. Note: this study found support for recognizing Prunus mandshurica as a source of resistance to plum pox virus

Check other web resources for Prunus mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30037. Accessed 25 February 2020.