Taxon: Prunus maritima Marshall

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30039
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 112. 1785
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 04-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Human food: fruit (esp. for preserves, sauces fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach (fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: potential for salt tolerance in peach (as a graft stock for peach fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of European plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073. 2013)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York (s.e.), Pennsylvania (s.e.), Rhode Island]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Maryland]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  2. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  3. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  4. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  5. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  6. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:514.
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  9. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  10. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  11. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Ma, H. et al. 2009. Evaluation of flowering cherry species, hybrids, and cultivars using simple sequence repeat markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134:435-444.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  16. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Rieger, M. 2001. Salt strees resistance of peach and four North American Prunus species Acta Hort. 557:181-192.
  19. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  20. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  21. Zai, X. et al. 2009. The application of beach plum (Prunus maritima) to wasteland vegetation recovery in Jiangsu Province, China: Seedling cloning and transplantation Ecol. Engin. 35:591-596.

Check other web resources for Prunus maritima Marshall :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30039. Accessed 21 April 2018.