Taxon: Prunus nigra Aiton

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30053
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:165. 1789
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 08-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: fruit (fide L Edible Pl)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for plum (fide Weinberger 1975)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (based on hybrids with Prunus spinosa fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on assumptions of potential hybridization with Prunus salicina fide Amer J Bot 34:334. 1947)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:515.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources (HortScience) 36:209-213.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 16.
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Weinberger, J. H. 1975. Plums (Adv Fruit Breed) 337.


Check other web resources for Prunus nigra Aiton :


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image