Taxon: Prunus nigra Aiton

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30053
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:165. 1789
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for plum ()
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (based on hybrids with Prunus spinosa fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on assumptions of potential hybridization with Prunus salicina fide Amer J Bot 34:334. 1947)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of European plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick (s.), Ontario (s.), Quebec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana (n.), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio (n.), Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  8. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:515.
  10. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  11. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  14. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  15. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  16. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  17. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  20. Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources (HortScience) 36:209-213.
  21. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock 2008. Chapter 11. Plums (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 337-357.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 16.
  24. Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  25. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  26. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  27. Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  28. Weinberger, J. H. 1975. Plums (Adv Fruit Breed) 337.

Check other web resources for Prunus nigra Aiton :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30053. Accessed 23 June 2018.