Taxon: Trifolium pratense L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300623
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:768. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1364 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide Virus Diseases 35. 1987)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Virus Diseases 35. 1987)
  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of red clover (based on geographical genetic variation as potential source of crossable populations)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch. (Federal Seed Act)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Converse, R. H., ed. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631. 1987 (Virus Diseases)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  9. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 326.
  15. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  16. Greene, S. L. et al. 2004. Relating morphologic and RAPD marker variation to collection site environment in wild populations of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 51:643-653.
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  18. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  19. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  22. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  23. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  25. Kongkiatngam, P. et al. 1995. Genetic variation within and between two cultivars of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.): Comparisons of morphological, isozyme, and RAPD markers (Euphytica) 84:237-246.
  26. Kouamé C. N. et al. 1997. Response to root-knot nematodes of a germplasm collection of red clover and related species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:439-445.
  27. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  28. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  29. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  30. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  31. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:132.
  32. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  33. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  34. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  35. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  37. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  38. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  39. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  40. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  41. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  42. Taylor, N. L. 2008. A century of clover breeding developments in the United States Crop Sci. (Madison) 48:1-13.
  43. Taylor, N. L. et al. 1963. Interspecific hybridization of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) Crop Sci. (Madison) 3:549-552.
  44. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  45. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  46. Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  48. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 357.

Check other web resources for Trifolium pratense L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300623. Accessed 25 April 2018.