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Taxon: Trifolium subterraneum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trichocephalum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300628
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:767. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 517 (299 active, 293 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Trifolium_subterraneum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Boonman, J. G. 1993. East Africa's grasses and fodders: their ecology and husbandry. 192.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+subterraneum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 402.
  11. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  12. Guo, Y. J. et al. 2012. Tolerance of the annual legumes Biserrula pelecinus, Ornithopus sativa, Trifolium spumosum, T. vesiculosum and T. subterraneum to soil acidity. New Zealand J. Agric. Res. 55:1-14.
  13. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  14. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  17. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  21. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  22. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  23. Piluzza, G. et al. 2005. Discrimination among subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. complex) genotypes using RAPD markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 52:193-199. Note: it found support for the recognition of three subspecific taxa
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  28. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  29. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  30. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  31. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  32. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  33. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  34. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 525.
  35. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Trifolium subterraneum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300628. Accessed 16 July 2019.