Taxon: Trifolium subterraneum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trichocephalum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300628
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:767. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 295 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of subterranean clover ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated



    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Boonman, J. G. 1993. East Africa's grasses and fodders: their ecology and husbandry 192.
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 402.
  11. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  12. Guo, Y. J. et al. 2012. Tolerance of the annual legumes Biserrula pelecinus, Ornithopus sativa, Trifolium spumosum, T. vesiculosum and T. subterraneum to soil acidity New Zealand J. Agric. Res. 55:1-14.
  13. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  14. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  17. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  20. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  21. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  22. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  23. Piluzza, G. et al. 2005. Discrimination among subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. complex) genotypes using RAPD markers Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 52:193-199.
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  30. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  31. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  32. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  33. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  34. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 525.
  35. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium subterraneum L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300628. Accessed 25 May 2018.