Taxon: Prunus salicina Lindl.

 
Genus: Prunus
  Subgenus: Prunus
    Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30091
Place of publication: Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7:239. 1828 ("1830")
Comment: date of publication from K. Gandhi (pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jul 2012)
Name Verified on: 13-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Jul-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 209 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia; Pl Res SEAs 2:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot (based on complex hybrids fide Pl Breed (NY) 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach (fide Acta Hort 224:339. 1988)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (fide Pl Breed (NY) 124:68. 2005)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Japanese plum (fide J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on crossing abilities with Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Genet Genomics 279:103. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on crosses with Prunus armeniaca fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991, but mostly sterile fide J Agric Food Chem 41:1669. 1993)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach (based on hybrids with Prunus persica fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide Tree Genet Genomes 6:42, 43. 2010)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Zhejiang, - Fujian, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Hebei, - Hunan, - Hubei, - Gansu, - Jiangxi, - Jiangsu, - Jilin, - Guangdong, - Guizhou, - Liaoning, - Shanxi, - Shandong, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan, - Guangxi, - Ningxia
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Vietnam

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035-1041.
  • Boonprakob, U. & D. H. Byrne 2003. Species composition of Japanese plum founding clones as revealed by RAPD markers Acta Hort. 622:473-476.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670-679.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Ghora, C. & G. Panigrahi 1984. Rosaceae: genus Prunus (Fasc F India) 18:9.
  • Gómez, E. et al. 1993. Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids J. Agric. Food Chem. 41:1669-1676.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Interspecific hybridization of Prunus persica with P. armeniaca and P. salicina using embryo rescue Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 88:289-299.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:65-110.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources (HortScience) 36:209-213.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91-104.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 15.
  • Rahemi, A. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity of some wild almonds and related Prunus species revealed by SSR and EST-SSR molecular markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 298:173-192.
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  • Randhawa, G. S. 1979. Description of wild species of pome and stone fruits IV. Prunus Indian J. Hort. 36:148.
  • Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  • Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67-70.
  • Rubio-Cabetas, M. J. et al. 1996. Fertilisation assessment and postzygotic development in several intra- and interspecific Prunus hybrids (Euphytica) 90:325-330.
  • Salesses, G. et al. 1988. Creation of plum rootstocks for peach and plum by interspecific hybridization Acta Hort. 224:339-344.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions Amer. J. Bot. 91:985-996.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae) J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069-1079.
  • Shimada, T. et al. 1999. Genetic diversity of plums characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis (Euphytica) 109:143-147.
  • Sutherland, B. G. et al. 2008. Trans-specific S-RNase and SFB alleles in Prunus self-incompatibility haplotypes Molec. Genet. Genomics 279:95-106.
  • Sutherland, B. G. et al. 2008. Trans-specific S-RNase and SFB alleles in Prunus self-incompatibility haplotypes Molec. Genet. Genomics 279:95-106.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:262.
  • Vitovskii et al., V. L. 1980. Systematical position of Prunus ussuriensis Koval & Kostina Trudy Prikl. Bot. 67:58.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Prunus salicina Lindl. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image