Taxon: Prunus serotina Ehrh.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30099
Place of publication: Gartenkalender 3:285. 1784, nom. cons. (Beitr. Naturk. 3:20. 1788)
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 16-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Gene sources: potential for cold hardiness in sweet cherry (for several traits)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in sweet cherry (for several traits)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, New Brunswick (s.e.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine (e. & s.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/prun-ser.htm), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=serotina), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe

    Southern America
    • South America (tropical)


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe

    Southern America
    • South America (tropical)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11 (Taxon) 60:1213.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 62 (Taxon) 60:231.
  6. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:179.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  9. Downey, S. L. & A. F. Iezzoni 2000. Polymorphic DNA markers in black cherry (Prunus serotina) are identified using sequences from sweet cherry, peach, and sour cherry J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:76-80.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. Gandhi, K. N. et al. 2009. (1886-1887) Proposals to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types (Taxon) 58:312-314.
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  14. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  15. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  17. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Petitpierre, B. et al. 2009. Plastid DNA variation in Prunus serotina var. serotina (Rosaceae), a North American tree invading Europe Eur. J. Forest Res. 128:431-436.
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010 15.
  26. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  27. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  28. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  29. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Prunus serotina Ehrh. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30099. Accessed 24 April 2018.