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Taxon: Prunus serotina Ehrh.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30099
Place of publication: Gartenkalender 3:285. 1784, nom. cons. (Beitr. Naturk. 3:20. 1788)
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
Name Verified on: 16-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 43 (7 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick (s.e.), Québec]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine (e. & s.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Sonora]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe

    Southern America
    • South America (tropical)


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • Europe

    Southern America
    • South America (tropical)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1213. Note: proposal recommended
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 62. Taxon 60:231. Note: proposal recommended
  6. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:179.
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 140.
  10. Downey, S. L. & A. F. Iezzoni. 2000. Polymorphic DNA markers in black cherry (Prunus serotina) are identified using sequences from sweet cherry, peach, and sour cherry. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:76-80.
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  12. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  13. Gandhi, K. N. et al. 2009. (1886-1887) Proposals to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types. Taxon 58:312-314.
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  16. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  17. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Petitpierre, B. et al. 2009. Plastid DNA variation in Prunus serotina var. serotina (Rosaceae), a North American tree invading Europe. Eur. J. Forest Res. 128:431-436.
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 15.
  27. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  28. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press. Note: this treatment recognizes three varieties (alabamensis, serotina, and rufula)
  29. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  30. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: cultivated
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Rosaceae&GenusID=Prunus&SpeciesID=serotina target='_blank'
  34. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Prunus serotina Ehrh. :

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30099. Accessed 18 September 2019.