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Taxon: Prunus spinosa L.

 
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30116
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358494
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 51 (22 active, 40 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support; ornamental; revegetator (for land reclamation)
  • Human food: fruit; fruit
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism Sci. Hort. 103:131-144.
  4. Bouhadida, M. et al. 2009. Molecular characterization and genetic diversity of Prunus rootstocks Sci. Hort. 120:237-245.
  5. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 265-298.
  16. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:518-519.
  17. Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller 2009. Plum breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 161-231.
  18. Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.) Sci. Hort. 129:283-293.
  19. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  20. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:65-110.
  26. Mohanty, A. et al. 2002. Population genetic analysis of European Prunus spinosa (Rosaceae) using chloroplast DNA markers Amer. J. Bot. 89:1223-1229.
  27. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  28. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133.
  29. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  32. Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu 1991. Plums (Prunus) Acta Hort. 290:235-290.
  33. Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37-45.
  34. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  35. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  36. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  37. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  38. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  39. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  40. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Prunus spinosa L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30116. Accessed 17 December 2018.