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Taxon: Prunus subcordata Benth.

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30123
Place of publication: Pl. hartw. 308. 1849
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/796759
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 20-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 25 (4 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit; fruit

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Cultivated (also cult.)


  1. Beckman, T. G. & W. R. Okie. 1994. Native North American plum species potential for variety and rootstock development. Acta Hort. 359:41-48. Note: this study tested Prunus subcordata
  2. Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797-807. Note: this study found that the nuclear marker did not resolved Prunus subcordata as a member of the American Prunocerasus, while combined data including chloroplast DNA resolved closer to P. glandulosa and the rest of the American section
  3. Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53-71.
  4. Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34-48.
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 1:513-514.
  6. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  7. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129-133. Note: this species clustered with other American species of section Prunocerasus
  14. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  15. Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 337-357. Note: this review cited Prunus subcordata
  16. Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209-213. Note: it recognized Prunus subcordata as a species of potential interest to plum breeders; it is grown locally in Oregon
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235-290. Note: this review cited Prunus subcordata, cultivars and its hybrids
  19. Reighard, G. & F. Loreti. 2008. 8. Rootstock development. The peach: botany, production and uses 195. Note: this review cited Prunus subcordata as one of the species examined as a potential graft stock for peach, but it "tend to dwarf peach scion"
  20. Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69-75. Note: this study examined affinities of Prunus subcordata to members of Prunocerasus; a cluster analysis based on genetic similarities showed that this species was included in this section, but with unresolved affinities due to sampling size
  21. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  22. Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011-2030. Note: this study resolved Prunus subcordata at the base of section Prunocerasus
  23. Weinberger, J. H. 1975. Plums. Advances in fruit breeding. 337. Note: Purdue University Press
  24. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Prunus subcordata Benth. :


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30123. Accessed 8 August 2020.