Taxon: Prunus yedoensis Matsum.

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30157
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15:100. 1901
Link to protologue:
Comment: this species is distinct and different than cultivated hybrids from Japan
Name Verified on: 24-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 31 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Potomac cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Tokyo cherry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Yoshino cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • cerisier Yoshino  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • Tokiokirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • Yoshinokirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • dong jing ying hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Korea, South Cheju

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea


  • Cho, M.-S. et al. 2014. Molecular and morphological data revealed hybrid origin of wild Prunus yedoensis (Rosaceae) from Jeju Island, Korea: Implications for the origin of the flowering cherry Amer. J. Bot. 101:1976-1986.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. (WPl Korea)
  • Harn, C. et al. 1977. Studies on the origin of Prunus yedoensis Matsumura. I. A comparative electrophoretic study on wild P. subhirtella in Mt. Hanla, cultivated P. yedoensis and P. donarium Korean J. Bot. 20:1-5.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus) Acta Hort. 190:111-173.
  • Iketani, H. et al. 2007. Analyses of clonal status in 'Somei-yoshino' and confirmation of geneaogical record in other cultivars of Prunus ×yedoensis by microsatellite markers Breed. Sci. 57:1-6.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  • Kim, C.-S. 1998. Distribution and taxonomic study of Prunus yedoensis Matsumura (Rosaceae) (Ph.D.) (Cheju National University, Korea) 130 pp.
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Ma, H. et al. 2009. Evaluation of flowering cherry species, hybrids, and cultivars using simple sequence repeat markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134:435-444.
  • Ohta, S. et al. 2006. Genetic characterization of flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) using rpl16-rpl14 spacer sequences of chloroplast DNA J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 75:72-78.
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  • Roh, M. S. et al. 2007. Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA Sci. Hort. 114:121-128.
  • Roh, M. S. et al. 2015. Corrigendum to "Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA" [Sci. Hortic. (2007) 121-128] Sci. Hort. 190:211.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae) (F NAmer) 9: in press.
  • Tanaka, R. & K. Oginuma 1975. Karyological study in Prunus × yedoensis Chromosome Inform. Serv. 19:13-15.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Prunus yedoensis Matsum. :