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Taxon: Prunus ×yedoensis Matsum.

Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30157
Place of publication: Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15:100. 1901
Link to protologue:
Comment: = Prunus itosakura × P. speciosa
Name Verified on: 24-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 71 (25 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Potomac cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Tokyo cherry  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Yoshino cherry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • cerisier Yoshino  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • Tokiokirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • Yoshinokirsche  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • dong jing ying hua  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:


    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, South [Cheju]


    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea


  1. Cho, M.-S. et al. 2014. Molecular and morphological data revealed hybrid origin of wild Prunus yedoensis (Rosaceae) from Jeju Island, Korea: Implications for the origin of the flowering cherry. Amer. J. Bot. 101:1976-1986. Note: it confirmed the hybrid origin of this species; it proposed Prunus subhirtella var. subhirtella (as P. spachiana f. ascendens) as the maternal parent, while paternal parent was linked to the complex P. serrulata - P. sargentii
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  3. Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  4. Harn, C. et al. 1977. Studies on the origin of Prunus yedoensis Matsumura. I. A comparative electrophoretic study on wild P. subhirtella in Mt. Hanla, cultivated P. yedoensis and P. donarium. Korean J. Bot. 20:1-5. Note: supported hybrid origin of Prunus yedoensis
  5. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: = Prunus subhirtella × P. speciosa
  6. Iezzoni, A. et al. 1991. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:111-173. Note: this review cited this taxon as Prunus × yedoensis
  7. Iketani, H. et al. 2007. Analyses of clonal status in 'Somei-yoshino' and confirmation of geneaogical record in other cultivars of Prunus ×yedoensis by microsatellite markers. Breed. Sci. 57:1-6. Note: this study mentioned the probable hybrid origin of this species from a cross between Prunus pendula and P. speciosa
  8. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Cerasus yedoensis (Matsum.) A. V. Vassiljeva
  9. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  10. Kim, C.-S. 1998. Distribution and taxonomic study of Prunus yedoensis Matsumura (Rosaceae). Unpublished dissertation (Cheju National University, Korea) 130 pp. Note: supports origin of cultivated Prunus yedoensis from wild populations on Jeju Island
  11. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: hybrid of unknown origin
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: believed to be Prunus serrulata × P. subhirtella
  13. Ma, H. et al. 2009. Evaluation of flowering cherry species, hybrids, and cultivars using simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134:435-444. Note: this study examined five samples of cultivated Prunus × yedoensis and two hybrids; it found support for its hybrid origin
  14. Ohta, S. et al. 2006. Genetic characterization of flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) using rpl16-rpl14 spacer sequences of chloroplast DNA. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 75:72-78. Note: this study cited this taxon as Prunus × yedoensis
  15. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  19. Roh, M. S. et al. 2007. Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA. Sci. Hort. 114:121-128. Note: the Korean taxon currently referred to as Prunus yedoensis can be considered indigenous and sufficiently distinct [from Japanese P. yedoensis] to warrant recognition as a distinct entity
  20. Roh, M. S. et al. 2015. Corrigendum to "Characterization of wild Prunus yedoensis analyzed by inter-simple sequence repeat and chloroplast DNA" [Sci. Hortic. (2007) 121-128]. Sci. Hort. 190:211. Note: the taxon referred to as Prunus yedoensis from Korea and P. ×yedoensis from Japan is different from Yoshino cherry hybrids, to which this name properly applies, and could be recognized as a distinct and indigenous entity
  21. Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  22. Tanaka, R. & K. Oginuma. 1975. Karyological study in Prunus × yedoensis. Chromosome Inform. Serv. 19:13-15.
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: = Prunus subhirtella × P. speciosa
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: = Cerasus yedoensis (Matsum.) A. V. Vassiljeva

Check other web resources for Prunus ×yedoensis Matsum. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30157. Accessed 5 July 2020.