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Taxon: Anchusa azurea Mill.

 
Genus: Anchusa
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Boragineae
Subtribe: Boragininae
Nomen number: 3098
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Anchusa no. 9. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pulmonaria 71.)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.w.)] Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland

    Northern America
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Missouri]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 73.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  4. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Anchusa+azurea&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist. Note: Anchusa azurea auct. = A. italica Retz.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Anchusa italica Retz.
  15. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. Note: Anchusa azurea Rchb. an Mill.? = A. italica Retz.
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: Anchusa azurea Mill., nom. confus. = A. italica Retz.
  19. Selvi, F. 2011. Review of Boraginaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail 0n 20 May.
  20. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  21. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  23. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina. Note: Anchusa azurea auct. non Mill. = A. italica Retz.

Check other web resources for Anchusa azurea Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3098. Accessed 23 August 2019.