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Taxon: Solanum nigrum L.

 
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: Solanum
Section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Solaneae
Nomen number: 310124
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 71 (6 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West] Swaziland

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. D'Arcy, W. G. 1974. Solanum and its close relatives in Florida Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 61:855.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Edmonds, J. M. & J. A. Chweya 1997. Black nightshades. Solanum nigrum L. and related species (Prom Underused Crops) 15:28.
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  14. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  17. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  18. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  19. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  20. Henderson, R. J. F. 1974. Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and related species in Australia Contr. Queensland Herb. 16:19-28.
  21. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  22. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  23. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  24. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  25. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  26. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  27. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  28. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  29. Jansky, S. 2000. Breeding for disease resistance in potato Pl. Breed. Rev. 19:86.
  30. Jones, J. B. et al. 1997. Compendium of tomato diseases (Diseas Comp) 42.
  31. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  32. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  33. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  34. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  35. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  36. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  37. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  38. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  39. Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World (Solan IV) 306.
  40. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):458.
  41. PBI Solanum Project Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource). (Solanaceae Source)
  42. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  43. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  44. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  45. Press, J. R. et al. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource). 2000- (L Nepal Online)
  46. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  47. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  48. Schilling, E. E. 1981. Systematics of Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) in North America Syst. Bot. 6:183.
  49. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  50. Symon, D. E. 1981. A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:46.
  51. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  52. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  53. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)

Check other web resources for Solanum nigrum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Solanaceae Source: A global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310124. Accessed 16 October 2018.