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Taxon: Trifolium medium L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 310362
Place of publication: Amoen. acad. 4:105. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 106 (79 active, 107 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (grazing, hay); forage (grazing, hay)
  • Environmental: erosion control

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


References:

  1. Abberton, M. T. 2007. Interspecific hybridization in the genus Trifolium Pl. Breed. (New York) 126:337-342.
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  6. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 230.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  12. Isobe, S. et al. 2002. Breeding potential of the backcross progenies of a hybrid between Trifolium medium × T. pratense to T. pratense Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:395-399.
  13. Kouame, C. N. et al. 1997. Response to root-knot nematodes of a germplasm collection of red clover and related species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:439-445.
  14. Lamont, E.-J. et al. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.) (Pl Genet Res Leg Med) 79-98.
  15. Merker, A. 1984. Hybrids between Trifolium medium and Trifolium pratense Hereditas (Beijing) 101:267-268.
  16. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  21. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 370.

Check other web resources for Trifolium medium L. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310362. Accessed 11 December 2018.