Taxon: Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L. D. Benson

Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
  Subfamily: Opuntioideae
      Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 310427
Place of publication: Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41:126. 1969
Name Verified on: 17-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Apr-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • dildo  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Eltham Indian-fig  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • pipestem prickly-pear  (Source: F SAfr) - English
  • spiny pest-pear  (Source: F Aust) - English
  • spiny prickly-pear  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • sweet prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • geeldoringturksvy  (Source: F SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • pypsteelturksvy  (Source: F SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • palma-de-espinho  (Source: Cact EBrazil) - Portuguese
  • palmatória  (Source: Cact EBrazil) - Portuguese
  • opúntia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xian ren zhang  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Human food: potential as fruit (fide J Prof Ass Cact Dev 10:148-170. 2008)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Cact Fam)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Cact Fam, as O. dillenii)
  • Weed: (fide J Prof Ass Cact Dev 10:148-170. 2008)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Georgia, - South Carolina
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Queretaro, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Western South America: Ecuador

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  • Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can)
  • Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 (Cact Mex) 280.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  • Taylor, N. & D. Zappi Cacti of eastern Brazil. 2004 (Cact EBrazil)
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)


Check other web resources for Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L. D. Benson :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.