Taxon: Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L. D. Benson

 
Genus: Opuntia
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae
Tribe: Opuntieae
Nomen number: 310427
Place of publication: Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41:126. 1969
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 17-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Apr-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • dildo  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Eltham Indian-fig  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • pipestem prickly-pear  (Source: F SAfr) - English
  • spiny pest-pear  (Source: F Aust) - English
  • spiny prickly-pear  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • sweet prickly-pear  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • geeldoringturksvy  (Source: F SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • pypsteelturksvy  (Source: F SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • palma-de-espinho  (Source: Cact EBrazil) - Portuguese
  • palmatória  (Source: Cact EBrazil) - Portuguese
  • opúntia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • xian ren zhang  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Human food: potential as fruit (fide J Prof Ass Cact Dev 10:148-170. 2008)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Medicines: folklore (as O. dillenii)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3595), Georgia, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Campeche, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. (F St John)
  2. Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can)
  3. Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 (Cact Mex) 280.
  4. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  8. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  9. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  10. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  11. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  12. Taylor, N. & D. Zappi Cacti of eastern Brazil. 2004 (Cact EBrazil)
  13. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)

Check other web resources for Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L. D. Benson :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310427. Accessed 21 June 2018.