Taxon: Anchusa officinalis L.

 
Genus: Anchusa
Family: Boraginaceae
  Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 3105
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:133. 1753
Name Verified on: 26-May-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Pulmonaria 76.)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Pulmonaria 71.)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pulmonaria 71.)
  • Weed: (fide Global Comp Weeds)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain - Baleares

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Missouri, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, - La Pampa

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 76.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011 (NAmer Pl Atlas)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Randall, R. P. A global compendium of weeds. 2002 (Global Comp Weeds)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Anchusa officinalis L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image