Taxon: Trifolium nigrescens Viv.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifoliastrum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 310557
Place of publication: Fl. ital. fragm. 12. 1808
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 26-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 33 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in white clover ()
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in white clover ()
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of white clover (based on some cross-compatibility with Trifolium repens)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya (possibly introd.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia [Ajaria]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  2. Cheng, C.-C. & P. B. Gibson 1970. Meiosis in two species of Tri[olium and their hybrids Crop Sci. (Madison) 10:188-189.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  5. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 258.
  9. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  11. Marshall, A. H. et al. 1995. Reproductive characters of interspecific hybrids between Trifolium repens L. and T. nigrescens Viv. (Heredity) 74:136-145.
  12. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  13. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  16. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  17. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  18. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  19. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  20. Watson, L. E. et al. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Old World Trifolium (Fabaceae), based on plastid and nuclear markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 224:153-171.
  21. Williams, W. M. & S. N. Nichols 2011. Chapter 13: Trifolium (Wild Crop Rel Leg Cr) 249-272.
  22. Williams, W. M. et al. 2001. Evidence of three subspecies in Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 87:683-691.
  23. Williams, W. M. et al. 2013. Widening the adaptation of white clover by incorporation of valuable new traits from wild clover species (Proc 22nd I Grassl C) 287-289.
  24. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  25. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 155.
  26. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Trifolium nigrescens Viv. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310557. Accessed 24 May 2018.