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Taxon: Vasconcellea pubescens A. DC.

Genus: Vasconcellea
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 310753
Place of publication: Prodr. 15(1):419. 1864
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/158181
Comment: the priority of Vasconcellea pubescens A. DC. and V. cestriflora A. DC., published at the same time, was established by Jørgensen et al. (2014), who chose V. pubescens, under Shenzhen ICN Art. 11.5
Name Verified on: 07-Sep-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 29 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (as Carica candamarcensis & Carica cestriflora) fruit (cited as Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis, locally grown or in small scale in Andean countries)
  • Materials: potential as chemicals (as source of papain "of industrial, pharmaceutical and research uses")

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, [Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander] Ecuador, [Azuay, Cañar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Imbabura, Loja, Napo, Pichincha, Tungurahua] Peru [Cusco, Huánuco, Junín]


    Southern America


  1. Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae 105-111. Note: = Carica pubescens Lenné & Koch
  2. Badillo, V. M. 1997. Neotipificación de Carica pubescens Lenné et Koch y de Carica quercifolia (St. Hil.) Hieron. y nuevos registros de la familia para Ecuador. Ernstia 6:201. Note: = Carica pubescens Lenné & Koch
  3. Bernal, R., S. R. Gradstein & M. Celis. 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.
  4. Carrasco, B. et al. 2009. Genetic structure of the highland papayas (Vasconcellea pubescens (Lenné et C. Koch) Badillo) cultivated along a geographic gradient in Chile as revealed by Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:331-337.
  5. Carvalho, F. A. & S. S. Renner. 2012. A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 65:46-53. Note: = Vasconcella cundinamarcensis
  6. Carvalho, F. A. 2015. Flora mesoamericana. 2(3):238.
  7. Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. et al. 2014. Vasconcellea for papaya improvement.. Genetics and genomics of papaya. Plant Genetics and genomics: Crops and models. Springer Science+Business Media, New York. 4:47-79. Note: = Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis
  8. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador. Note: = Carica pubescens (A. DC.) Solms
  9. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 Note: = Carica pubescens Lenné & Koch
  10. Jørgensen, P. M. et al., eds. 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (Catalogue of vascular plants of Bolivia) 1:489. Note: established priority over Vasconcellea cestriflora A. DC.
  11. O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew. 2009. Potential for using Vasconcellea parviflora as a bridging species in intergeneric hybridisation between V. pubescens and Carica papaya. Austral. J. Bot. 57:592-601.
  12. O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew. 2010. Marker-assisted hybridisation and backcrossing between Vasconcellea species and Carica papaya for PRSV-P resistance. Acta Hort. 859:361-368.
  13. Ochoa, J. et al. 2003. Interacciones entre Fusarium oxysporum y Meloidogyne incognita causantes de marchitez vascular en papayas de altura. Fitopatología 38:170-175. Note: as Carica pubescens, a parental species of "Carica heilbornii" (= Vasconcellea × heilbornii)
  14. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Carica pubescens
  15. Rockinger, A. et al. 2016. Chromosome number reduction in the sister clade of Carica papaya with concomitant genome size doubling. Amer. J. Bot. 103:1-7. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1600134 Note: 2n=18
  16. Scheldeman, X. et al. 2007. Distribution, diversity and environmental adaptation of highland papayas (Vasconcellea spp.) in tropical and subtropical America. Biodivers. & Conservation 16:1867-1884. Note: = Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis locally marketed from Colombia to Peru & introduced in Chile, where preserves are exported to Europe
  17. Siar, S. V. et al. 2012. Gene for PRSV-P resistance in Vasconcellea species and development of PRSV-P resistant papaya via intergeneric hybridisation. Acta Hort. 929:335-341.
  18. Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. Note: = Carica pubescens
  19. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. Note: = Carica candamarcensis & Carica cestriflora
  20. Van Droogenbroeck, B. et al. 2005. Maternal inheritance of cytoplasmic organelles in intergeneric hybrids of Carica papaya L. and Vasconcellea spp. (Caricaceae Dumort., Brassicales). Euphytica 143:161-168. Note: = Vasconcella cundinamarcensis
  21. Vietmeyer, N. D., ed. 1989. Lost crops of the Incas. Note: = Carica pubescens

Check other web resources for Vasconcellea pubescens A. DC. :

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310753. Accessed 26 January 2020.