Taxon: Rheum officinale Baill.

 
Genus: Rheum
Family: Polygonaceae
  Subfamily: Polygonoideae
      Tribe: Rumiceae
Nomen number: 31117
Place of publication: Adansonia 10:246. 1871-73
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese rhubarb  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Tibetan rhubarb  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • rhubarbe officinale  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Rhabarber  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • gebräuchlicher Rhabarber  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • südchinesischer Rhabarber  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • ruibarbo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • ruibarbo-da-China  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ruibarbo de la China  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • läkerabarber  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • yao yong da huang  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (bitter fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Eur ed2; Hortus 3; Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Henan, - Hubei, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Yunnan

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kao, T. C. & C. Y. Cheng 1975. Synopsis of the Chinese Rheum Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(3):73.
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kuhl, J. C. & V. L. DeBoer 2008. Genetic diversity of rhubarb cultivars J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 133:587-592.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Samuelsson, G. 1936. Die chinesischen Arten der Gattung Rheum Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 30:708-710.
  • Sun, Y. et al. 2012. Rapid radiation of Rheum (Polygonaceae) and parallel evolution of morphological traits Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:150-158.
  • Sun, Y. et al. 2012. Rapid radiation of Rheum (Polygonaceae) and parallel evolution of morphological traits Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:150-158.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Check other web resources for Rheum officinale Baill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.