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Taxon: Rheum officinale Baill.

Genus: Rheum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Rumiceae
Nomen number: 31117
Place of publication: Adansonia 10:246. 1872
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8067043
Name Verified on: 25-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Aug-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 13 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese rhubarb  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Tibetan rhubarb  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • rhubarbe officinale  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Rhabarber  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • gebräuchlicher Rhabarber  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • südchinesischer Rhabarber  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • ruibarbo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • ruibarbo-da-China  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ruibarbo de la China  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • läkerabarber  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • yao yong da huang  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng (possibly), Guizhou Sheng, Hubei Sheng (w.), Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Henan Sheng (s.w.), Shaanxi Sheng]


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage (Zander ed17)
  4. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 (Mansf Ency)
  6. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening (Dict Gard)
  7. Kao, T. C. & C. Y. Cheng 1975. Synopsis of the Chinese Rheum Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13(3):73.
  8. Kuhl, J. C. & V. L. DeBoer 2008. Genetic diversity of rhubarb cultivars J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 133:587-592.
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 (Ency CNatIn)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  12. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  14. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)
  15. Rice, A. et al. The Chromosome Counts Darabase (CCDB, version 1.45) - A community resource of plant chromosome numbers CCDB
  16. Samuelsson, G. 1936. Die chinesischen Arten der Gattung Rheum Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 30:708-710.
  17. Sun, Y. et al. 2012. Rapid radiation of Rheum (Polygonaceae) and parallel evolution of morphological traits Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 63:150-158.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  19. Wang, X. M. et al. 2012. Genetic diversity of the endemic and medicinally important plant Rheum officinale as revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers Int. J. Molec. Sci. 13:3900-3915.
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Rheum officinale Baill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=31117. Accessed 19 June 2019.