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Taxon: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.

 
Genus: Crataegus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 313800
Place of publication: Prodr. 2:630. 1825
Link to protologue:
Comment: = Crataegus oxyacantha auct. (non C. oxyacantha L., nom. rej., a rejected name (nomen utique rejiciendum) under Shenzhen ICN Art. 56 & App. V that is unavailable for use)
Name Verified on: 04-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Aug-2018
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • English hawthorn  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • midland hawthorn  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • whitethorn  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • woodland hawthorn  (Source: Can J Bot) - English
  • rundhagtorn  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia (w.), Lithuania (w.), Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy, Romania (w.), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya (also cult.)


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway (w.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Byatt, J. I. 1974. Application of the names Crataegus calycina Peterm. and C. oxyacantha L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 69:15-21.
  4. Christensen, K. I. 1992. Revision of Crataegus section Crataegus and nothosection Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World Syst. Bot. Monogr. 35:64.
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  7. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  8. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  9. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  10. Phipps, J. B. 1998. Introduction to the red-fruited hawthorns (Crataegus, Rosaceae) of western North America Canad. J. Bot. 76:1871.
  11. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)

Check other web resources for Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Crataegus laevigata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=313800. Accessed 16 November 2018.